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Trading cannabis seeds for puppies

Lacing Dog Treats With Cannabis Is Big Business

(Bloomberg) — Even for a puppy, Kat Donatello’s black lab, Austin, was hyperactive. After experimenting with natural supplements on her older dog, Brady, Donatello slipped the puppy a special biscuit. “It just kind of took the edge off of him,” she recalled.

(Bloomberg) — Even for a puppy, Kat Donatello’s black lab, Austin, was hyperactive. After experimenting with natural supplements on her older dog, Brady, Donatello slipped the puppy a special biscuit. “It just kind of took the edge off of him,” she recalled.

The treat contained Cannabidiol, better known as CBD, a chemical compound extracted from the marijuana plant.

The CBD supplements were expensive, and options for pet treats were limited, Donatello said. “So I started spending my winters baking dog biscuits.” She tinkered with the recipe before launching her CBD-laced biscuit company, Austin + Kat, earlier this year.

Along with Therabis and Treatibles, Austin + Kat is one of several Cannabidiol-for-dogs businesses that have popped up in the last two years, a time period during which CBD pet product sales nationwide doubled, according to data kept by cannabis industry analytics firm MJ Freeway. It’s the newest trend in America’s booming half-billion dollar animal supplements market, which is expected to grow by more than $150 million in the next four years.

CBD is one of over 80 active cannabinoid chemicals in marijuana, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD doesn’t create a euphoric sensation. In other words, these biscuits won’t get your dog high. But there’s some debate as to what effect the compound has on our furry friends and whether they should be consuming it at all.

Academic research about CBD’s affect on animals is nearly nonexistent, and the Food and Drug Administration has not approved marijuana use in animals. Despite this, some veterinarians recommend their use, and producers say pet stores are increasingly beginning to carry CBD treats. Treatibles is even in talks to be sold at a big box pet store, though an executive wouldn’t reveal which one, as the deal is still pending.

Veterinarians views on the supplement vary. When asked about the effectiveness of CBD in dogs, Dr. Robert Goggs said there is “virtually no evidence in the veterinary literature on this.” By contrast, Dr. Robert Silver and Dr. Gary Richter, both vets, recently hosted a course on the cannabis-dedicated learning website Green Flower entitled the “Cannabis for Pets Masterclass.”

Contacted by phone, Richter conceded that scholarly literature is lacking. “A lot of what we’re using is extrapolated data from humans, as well as just real world experience on what works,” he explained. If it works for humans, he argued, it could work for dogs.

In lieu of research, the CBD-for-dogs industry cites supportive veterinarians and customer testimonials as evidence of the products’ effectiveness. On Treatibles’ website, an interview with the owner of mixed-breed pup Shelby shows how the dog, plagued with anxiety and fear, was able to settle down after eating a laced treat.

Human studies have linked CBD to anti-seizure, anti-inflammatory, and anti-anxiety effects. In findings presented to the Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control in June of last year, Nora D. Volkow, the director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, said CBD could potentially aid those suffering from Alzheimer’s, stroke, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson’s. Despite the largely positive feedback in Volkow’s presentation, she warned that additional research on CBD is necessary. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agrees and hopes to review further scientific studies on CBD.

CBD is often purchased online, which is technically a violation of federal law, according to DEA spokesman Russell Baer. “Extracts or derivatives from the cannabis plant are Schedule I controlled substances—just like the plant itself,” Baer said in an e-mailed statement. “There is widespread illegal distribution of purported CBD products—regardless if they are derived from the marijuana plant or hemp plant,” he added.

Understandably, the DEA’s attention is not on CBD at a time when the nation faces an opioid crisis, and sterilized cannabis seeds can be legally used in animal feed mixture. (When asked about the legality of the business, Therabis called it a “complex situation.” Austin + Kat’s Donatello expressed frustration with the DEA’s position in light of the federal Controlled Substances Act and her ability to purchase CBD products at Walmart.com. Silver, the vet and a consultant to Treatibles, said on behalf of the company that the law is murky and referenced the Farm Act, a 2014 document passed by Congress to reform agricultural programs. The act mentions industrial hemp research and defers to state laws on industrial hemp cultivation.)

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There’s also the matter of ethics. Humans can verbally express discomfort when trying a new treatment. Man’s best friend cannot.

“If the proper administration of marijuana can truly relieve dogs’ pain, then they should be given the same consideration that humans in pain are given, with regular doses to help reduce their misery,” said Daphna Nachminovitch, senior vice president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. “But it’s an entirely different matter to amuse oneself by getting the cat drunk or the dog high.”

While the researchers debate what, exactly, CBD can do for Fido, investors are excited by its increasing popularity, which has been buoyed by the legalization of cannabis (for humans) and increased dialogue about the medicinal properties of marijuana.

Treatibles founder Julianna Carella has seen sales explode “like wildfire” over the past two years. Therabis has experience equally explosive growth in its first year of business; since February, the company has seen revenue quadruple, and sales have grown 30 percent month-over-month, according to Joe Hodas, chief marketing officer of the treat brand’s parent company.

Troy Dayton, co-founder of the Arcview Group, an Oakland, Calif.-based investment firm, was a skeptic before he saw the sales numbers. “If humans are noticing in droves all the different ways where cannabis products can have utility for them, then surely there will be a massive application [for animals,]” he said.

Over the last two years, Arcview has been involved in fundraising efforts for two CBD pet-product companies. Dayton anticipates that additional capital will follow, particularly from investors leery of getting into the recreational cannabis market, which is legally murky. “There’s a lot of opportunity” in the CBD market, Dayton said.

“I’m not surprised at all that the space is growing,” Carella said. “There’s so many pet owners that would do just about anything to relieve their animals suffering.”

To contact the author of this story: Polly Mosendz in New York at [email protected]

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Josh Petri at [email protected]

Best CBD for Pets

As CBD becomes accepted as a holistic treatment for human ailments as diverse as chronic pain and inflammation to anxiety and insomnia, it’s only natural that CBD for pets is taking off as well.

One of the great joys and responsibilities of pet ownership is ensuring we give our furry friends the healthiest and most comfortable lives possible. As CBD becomes accepted as a holistic treatment for human ailments as diverse as chronic pain and inflammation to anxiety and insomnia, it’s only natural that CBD for pets is taking off as well. Let’s investigate the best CBD products for pets on the market.

Benefits of CBD for pets

Like humans, cats and dogs (as well as other animals like horses) have an endocannabinoid system, meaning they’re able to experience benefits from CBD. Many pet owners know that their pets can experience the same ailments that we do, such as joint pain, arthritis, anxiety, and lethargy. CBD for pets has been anecdotally shown to be effective at treating pain in pets (whether from old age/arthritis or from surgery recovery) and at soothing anxiety from travelling, PTSD, weather events, and medical procedures/veterinarian visits. As with any holistic or medical treatment you give your pet, be sure to consult your veterinarian.

Best type of CBD for pets

Any reputable CBD for pets product will NOT contain THC, which is a psycho-active compound that you do not want Fido or Garfield consuming! For this reason it is NOT recommended to give your animal a CBD product made for humans, as it could contain THC.

CBD treats and CBD oil for pets can be made with either full spectrum, broad spectrum, or isolated CBD. CBD isolate or broad spectrum is the best type of CBD for pets, as they do not contain THC. Full-spectrum products will contain the synergistic cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds found in the hemp plant alongside CBD, and may contain a trace amount of THC, though any pet-focussed product should ensure that even trace amounts are removed. Broad-spectrum products will offer all of the benefits above without the risk of trace THC and are also an excellent option for your pet.

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Our picks: CBD products for pets

Wondering what product is best for your furry friend? Check out our recommendations below for the best CBD oil for pets.

Our rating: ★★★★★

Features

  • 3 size options
  • Fast & free shipping
  • Made with organic hemp

Quality: 100%

Effectiveness: 100%

Price: 100%

Customer Service: 100%

Transparency + Accuracy: 100%

Highlights

  • Pesticide, herbicide, mold, fungi, heavy metal, and mycotoxin free.
  • Made with a whole-plant full-spectrum extract.
  • Can be added to a pet’s food, treat, or fed directly.

Ingredients

  • Full-Spectrum Hemp Extract, Organic Virgin Hemp Seed Oil

Discount code: Get 20% off NuLeaf Naturals products as an AmericanMarijuana reader. Use this code at checkout: AMMA

This CBD oil for pets is made from plants grown with NuLeaf’s proprietary genetics (highly concentrated in CBD and secondary cannabinoids) and is tested in independent labs, so you can be sure your pet is consuming high-quality, non-intoxicating CBD. A great choice for those who treat their pet’s diets with the same care as they do their own!

Our rating: ★★★★1/2

Features

  • 100mL and 30mL available
  • Chicken-Flavored Oil or Unflavored
  • Non-GMO

Quality: 100%

Effectiveness: 100%

Price: 99%

Customer Service: 100%

Transparency + Accuracy: 99%

Highlights

  • Designed to support canine wellness.
  • NASC (National Animal Supplement Council) Certified.
  • 30 Day satisfaction guarantee.

Ingredients

  • Full-Spectrum Hemp Extract, MCT Oil

Discount code: Get 15% off Charlotte’s Web products as an AmericanMarijuana reader. Use this code at checkout: AMMA

When it comes to finding the best CBD for pets for your beloved dog, “Quality Tested 20+ Times” is what you want to hear! This product is formulated with the same hemp extract used for Charlotte’s Web’s human products. This unique product comes in unflavored and chicken-flavored options, meaning you can choose the option that suits your pet’s palate.

Our rating: ★★★★

Features

  • For cats and dogs
  • 60 day money-back guarantee
  • ISO Certified

Quality: 98%

Effectiveness: 99%

Price: 100%

Customer Service: 98%

Transparency + Accuracy: 99%

Highlights

  • Available in 5mg and 20mg.
  • Sourced from non-GMO industrial hemp grown in the USA.
  • Formulated with cold-pressed hemp seed oil.

Ingredients

  • Hemp Seed Oil, CO2 Hemp Extract (Aerial Parts)

Discount code: Get 15% off CBDistillery products as an AmericanMarijuana reader. Use this code at checkout: AMMA15

This product is made with the same high-quality CBD as CBDistillery’s human products and blended with hemp seed oil: a carrier oil that aids your pet’s digestion. An affordable option with two strengths, this is easily the best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis, as it can be used regularly. Products come with scannable QR codes so that you can review the lab test results.

Is your pet a fan of treats? Relatable! Check out our recommendations for the best CBD for dogs in chew form below.

Our rating: ★★★★★

Features

  • Non-GMO
  • USA grown hemp
  • No pesticides

Quality: 100%

Effectiveness: 100%

Price: 100%

Customer Service: 100%

Transparency + Accuracy: 100%

Highlights

  • Botanical blend + naturally occurring CBD.
  • Promotes a calm disposition.
  • Each chew contains 2.5mg of plant-based cannabinoids.

Ingredients

  • Valerian Root, Passionflower, Chamomile, Hemp Extract

Discount code: Get 15% off Charlotte’s Web products as an AmericanMarijuana reader. Use this code at checkout: AMMA

These CBD chew treats are specially formulated to help your dog relax from stress. Made with CBD and a botanical blend, these treats are an all-natural way to soothe your best friend when times get ruff. These products are NASC Certified, so you can trust that your pet gets the relief they deserve while you get peace of mind.

Our rating: ★★★★1/2

Features

  • Gluten-free
  • Satisfaction-guarantee
  • Lab-tested

Quality: 99%

Effectiveness: 99%

Price: 98%

Customer Service: 100%

Transparency + Accuracy: 98%

Highlights

  • Save with a bundle option.
  • Each treat delivers 5 mg of full-spectrum CBD.
  • Three separate formulas / health focuses.

Ingredients

  • Active Treats: Turmeric, Boswellia, Hemp Seed, CBD
  • Calming Treats: L-theanine, Chamomile, Hemp Seed, CBD
  • Hearty Treats: Blueberries, Flaxseed, Hemp Seed, CBD

Discount code: Get 10% off Royal CBD products as an AmericanMarijuana reader. Use this code at checkout: AmericanMarijuana

These unique treats come in three formulas, so that you can select the one that best suits your dog’s needs: Calming for stress and anxiety, Hearty for heart and immune health, and Active for joint and muscle health. Each treat contains a dose of full-spectrum CBD alongside synergistic herbs and nutrients. An ideal product to supplement your dog’s diet with natural boosters.

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Our rating: ★★★★

Features

  • 18 treats per box
  • THC-free
  • USA-grown hemp

Quality: 98%

Effectiveness: 99%

Price: 97%

Customer Service: 99%

Transparency + Accuracy: 98%

Highlights

  • Comes in five distinct and delicious flavors.
  • Made with real beef and chicken.
  • 100mg of CBD per box.

Ingredients

  • Steak Bites: Pharmaceutical grade cannabidiol (CBD), ground wheat, corn starch, water, wheat flour, ground yellow corn, corn syrup, glycerin, beef, animal fat (preserved with BHA), gelatin, rice flour, soy flour, salt, natural flavor, red 40, titanium dioxide, phosphoric acid, dried whey, potassium sorbate.

Discount code: Get 10% off Just CBD products as an AmericanMarijuana reader. Use this code at checkout: AMMA

Made with real beef and chicken, these would be excellent for your pet with or without the added CBD. Made with USA-grown CBD, you can rest assured these treats are high-quality enough for your beloved dog. Keep in mind that these have a higher amount of CBD per treat than most CBD for pets products.

Choosing a good CBD company

As with any online shopping, do your research. Consult our top picks above and take time to read brand reviews on external sites. You can ask your local veterinarian or pet store for recommendations. Avoid pop-up companies with no reviews and deals that seem too good to be true—they often are!

How to give your pet CBD

Giving your pet CBD is easy as pie—it’s edible after all! To administer CBD oil for pets, add a drop to your pet’s water, favorite food, or directly into their mouth. It all depends on your animals’ preference and pickiness—you’ll know best!

CBD chews are even easier, simply give your pet the correct dosage and watch them enjoy their special treat. The rule of thumb for dosage is 1mg of CBD for every 10 pounds of their body weight. Start low and increase minutely if needed (to a maximum of 5mg for every 10 pounds).

How to read lab tests

The most important thing to check on lab tests when shopping for the best CBD for pets is to ensure it is 0% THC. It is also important to check the CBD level per mg and make sure it matches the label/packaging. You can also review the lab test to ensure there are no residual solvents, chemicals, or contaminants present.

Final thoughts

Our final thoughts on the best CBD for pets? It all comes down to the needs and quirks of your unique pet. Don’t shy away from this holistic and natural approach to ensuring your pet lives as peacefully and comfortably as possible!

FAQs:

What pet health problems can CBD oil treat?

CBD for pets can help your furry friend deal with anxiety and stress, as it promotes relaxation and calm. It can also help soothe aches, pains, and inflammation from arthritis, surgery recovery, or other ailments. CBD can also help encourage lethargic pets to feel more active and playful. CBD for pets is not recommended as a treatment for pet cancer or other serious conditions.

What is the most effective CBD for dogs?

Read our round-up of products above to see the best CBD for dogs products available. As with any treatment for your beloved pet, the most effective CBD will vary based on your dog’s needs and how they react to the product. Look for products made with CBD isolate or broad-spectrum CBD to ensure that the product is THC-free. Broad-spectrum products may be the most effective for dogs as they offer the entourage effect of CBD working alongside naturally-occurring cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds.

Do vets recommend CBD oil for dogs?

It’s recommended to check in with your pet’s veterinarian before trying CBD oil for pets. Since CBD is not yet approved by the FDA, veterinarians are not able to prescribe it for your pet.

Is CBD safe for dogs?

At present, there are no recorded instances of dogs, cats, or other pets experiencing significant adverse side effects from taking CBD. No pets have died or become seriously ill after taking CBD. That said, there may be some milder side effects, such as indigestion. Generally speaking, CBD is safe for dogs and all pets – but it’s always recommended to speak with your vet first.