Cannabis Growth Time Lapse: One Chapter at a Time (With Pictures)
Growing cannabis takes time, and there is no more satisfying experience for a grower than witnessing some abundant cannabis plants grow from seed or clones to tall, lush green and leafy plants. The reward of watching these lovely plants bloom is well worth your time and effort in caring for them until they are ready to harvest. A cannabis plant’s growth may be broken down into five stages: germination, seedling, vegetative, flowering, and lastly budding. Numerous plant changes take place throughout these phases of development that the grower should be aware of and keep an eye on. In this post, we’ll go through the many phases of cannabis growth, as well as give you an estimate of how long things typically require and what to look out for.
Plants can be grown from seeds or clones can be made from cuttings. Consider the advantages and disadvantages of seeds over cuttings while making your decision. Growing a plant from a cutting of an existing one clones it, so you know exactly what you’ll be obtaining. You receive a female plant when you clone a female plant. Even though it is technically possible to clone an auto-flowering cultivar, the effort is typically not worth it because the clone produces a yield that isn’t quite as good. Buy seeds if you wish to develop auto-flowering strains. You can’t determine if a seed is for a male or female plant merely by looking at it unless you buy feminized seeds, which have a high chance of growing into female plants.
You must sow a large number of seeds, observe till you can tell if the seedling is female or male, and thereafter discard the males. One can’t discern the strain of a marijuana plant just by looking at it, thus you have no clue what strain that seed could grow unless you knew which strain of plant it comes from. Cannabis grown from seeds are often more robust. In actuality, some cultivators will plant clones and let them make seeds in order to renew the genes of the crop.
Before you start cultivating cannabis, there are a few things you should know about the seeds. Here’s a rundown:
- Photoperiod or autoflowering: Auto-flowering plants are simpler to grow since they bloom after a specified period, independent of the light cycles. If you’re a newbie, auto-flowering crops are a great option.
- Seeds that have been feminized: Almost all feminized seeds offered by reputable suppliers are feminized, but double-check. These seeds have been genetically modified to produce female plants.
- Blend: The percentage of each of the three species, indica, sativa, and ruderalis, is represented by the mix. Ruderalis is existent in all auto-flower strains, and it is vital for the plant’s auto-flowering ability.
- Genetic background: If the seeds are obtained from a well-known strain like Bubble Gum, O.G. Kush, or a cross-breed, the gene origin should be specified.
- Genetic background: If the seeds are obtained from a well-known strain like Bubble Gum, O.G. Kush, or a cross-breed, the gene origin should be specified. When cultivated outdoors, yield refers to the amount of grams of buds produced per sq meter of the grow outside and the same applies for yield indoors (after drying).
- Plant height when grown outside: longer than when cultivated indoors; indoors, plant height is usually less than when cultivated outside.
- Potency: refers to the concentrations of CBD and THC in a plant.
- Harvesting time: The average period the blossom should be set for harvesting.
- Effect: The sort of reaction you may anticipate from the consumption of a given cannabis strain.
Equipped with an understanding of different strains and what to look for; let’s dive in the growing phases of the Cannabis plant.
Chapter 1: Germination
Seeds need to germinate in a dark area with a temperature of roughly 70 degrees. Seeds can be germinated in a variety of ways, including soil, starting plugs, a moist paper towel, and so on. You may also directly seed them into soil in a garden or pot, provided the soil is loose and airy enough for the roots to develop and the stem to burst through. This is what you can do with our Hon&Guan 4 Inch Inline Duct Fan for exhaust air control. Sow the seeds approximately 0.25 to 0.5 inch beneath the soil then cover them with soil lightly. Most notably, seeds require a moist setting to sprout; if they’re too dry, they will not germinate. In colder areas, a heat mat can help boost germination success.
The marijuana seed, once sown or placed in a germination station, breaks apart at this embryonic phase of development, and the wiry taproot sprouts in search of nourishment. The seed should be firm, dry, and darkish brown to gray before planting. Seeds that are younger are less likely to sprout quickly. The plant can take anywhere from a 6 days to eleven days to sprout out of its seed, and when it does, it is ripe to be transplanted into a more permanent place.
Handle the cannabis plant delicately while transplanting it, whether it was grown from a clone or a seed, to avoid damaging the roots. Place the plant in the middle of the container and deep enough in the soil to fully cover the root system. You can carefully pry its roots apart to facilitate outward development if the plant is root locked. Pack the soil or other growing material around the roots to support the plant as fresh roots form, but not so tightly that outward root growth is restricted. Moisten the soil surrounding the roots with modest amount of water.
Chapter 2: Seedling
The first set of characteristic fan leaflets appear when the taproot of the germinated seedling starts taking hold. This marks the start of the seedling stage of the cannabis plant’s development.
2-week old cannabis plant
During this moment, the plant should be producing its initial leaves that will be used to carry out photosynthesis. Over the week, the plant will grow a little longer and start to straighten up. Fresh growths, which will be an extra leaf and the formation of extra blades on the present leaves, will also show. The leaves will be fairly tiny at first.
3-week old cannabis plant
A thriving marijuana plant will begin to turn a more brilliant green color, and the blades will begin to grow in size; it will begin to resemble a cannabis plant at this time. These seedlings will be regarded grown and ready to go on to the third growth phase after they have fully developed their primary leaves.
Chapter 3: Vegetative
A healthy Marijuana plant develops in length and growth as much as it can under the appropriate conditions during the vegetative phase. Therefore, if the plant meets the necessary growing needs, the larger the container and the habitat, the larger the plant would be. Marijuana plants’ vegetative period can span anywhere between 3 to 16 weeks, or even longer in outdoor cultivation. Based on desired size of the plant, most gardeners let their houseplants vegetate between 4-8 weeks. Cannabis plants can begin blooming as early as the fourth week of the vegetative phase. As a result, these seedlings will most likely be smaller. Allowing the plants to spend more time in the vegetative stage results in larger plants that are more likely to generate better harvests.
4 to 6 week-old cannabis plant
Cannabis plants could start exhibiting their sexes by developing preflowers around week 4-6 from germination. It’s crucial to understand whether the plants are female, male, or hermaphrodites. Only female plants should be allowed to grow if you want to obtain quality Cannabis buds. Male and hermaphrodite plants begin pollinating female plants hence leaving you with a lot of seeds and relatively few buds in the end.
Chapter 4: Flowering
When plants experience less than 12 hours of light every day, they enter the flowering phase. Cannabis must be entirely in dark for 10 to 12 hours in order to fully reach the blooming stage.
13-14 week-old plant
This is the transitional period. Although it isn’t officially blossoming at this time, the plants will begin to prepare for bud development. Since the plant can practically double in size throughout this phase, the structure it forms throughout the vegetative phase is critical. The first feathery, white filaments known as pistils will begin to grow around the conclusion of these transitional weeks. These will ultimately turn into the buds. These pistils will begin to get bigger and darker in color as they mature. The plant’s development will start to slow at this stage, finally coming to a halt as the plant’s energy is concentrated exclusively on the buds.
Chapter 5: Budding
17 weeks and onward
For most plants, the last phase of blooming will have commenced at this point, and the duration of time might vary. Buds will start to develop swiftly now, and thick blossoms will appear all over the plant apparently overnight. When the pistils on the buds change color from white to reddish orange, and the trichome cones change color from translucent to creamy to opaque, and eventually amber, your plants are ready to harvest. The amber tint of the resin implies a greater CBD to THC cannabinoid ratio. More cannabinoid chemicals form when flower clusters mature, and the clusters grow sticky due to resin.
Marijuana plants in the flowering stage thrive from warm temperatures, moderate humidity, and occasional blooming nourishment. When THC levels drop, trichomes shift from hazy white to brown. While some brown trichomes are acceptable, they indicate that the plants are ready to be harvested. Harvest when half of the trichomes have become opaque, this approach is said to yield the greatest levels of THC and the least quantities of CBD.
Cannabis Time-Lapse Photography Videos
Today I would like to feature the following incredible marijuana growing time-lapse photography and videos, many of which were produced by fuzzygrow. View all of her time-lapse videos here: http://vimeo.com/user15676933/videos
A huge thanks to fuzzygrow for contributing these uniquely valuable time-lapse videos to the marijuana growing community!
New Life – The birth of a marijuana plant from seed
This time-lapse video spans 5 days, a frame was taken every 6 minutes. 24fps .
Watch two seeds sprout and grow their first two sets of leaves. The plant on the left is Super Lemon Haze and the one on the right is strain Tijuana.
Marijuana seeds first sprout two smooth “baby” leaves known as cotyledon leaves. These leaves were already formed in the shell. When the seed is put in warm wet conditions, the seeds “wake up” and the seed splits open. The white tip that first emerges becomes a root and grows downward.
The cotyledon leaves unfurl and start gaining height above the soil. You can see the first “true” (wrinkled) set of marijuana leaves nestled in between the cotyledons at first, and as time goes on these spread out to catch as much light as possible.
You may notice the young seedlings making slow circular movements. As far as we know, all plants do this while they grow and this movement is known as nutation, circumnutation, or nutational movement .
While we don’t fully understand the mechanism behind this movement, some scientists speculate that it was developed as a way for the plant to “explore” and find the best direction to grow, since even though plants are rooted, the difference of even a couple of inches can make a huge difference in the survival of the plants.
Recovery of Topped Marijuana Plant & Formation of 2 New Colas
This time-lapse video spans 7 days
In this video, a young marijuana plant is topped and you can watch as the two growth tips from the top node (quick picture cheat sheet explaining nodes & growth tips) turn into the two new main colas.
After the plant is topped, notice that not just the top two, but all the growth tips on the plant begin growing out (the plant is becoming more bushy). This is due to a hormonal response that happens in the plant when the main cola is damaged.
Watch as the two new main colas at the top get wider and taller, while their connection to the base of the trunk is strengthened and thickened to support their growth.
Young plant burned by Pyrethrum while lights are on & recovery
This time-lapse video spans 2 weeks, a frame was taken every 6 minutes. 30 fps.
This one is a little bit hard to watch as this Purple Haze seedling is hit by a strong insecticide (Doktor Doom) around 0:31 to combat spider mites.
The insecticide is sprayed while the lights are on, and unfortunately this combination of insecticide + light burns the young plant. You can see the plant struggles to recover for nearly the rest of the video.
I sprayed Dr. Doom on this young plant to try to combat spider mites. Plant is under a 42w CFL. The main apex was also burned which stopped growing but eventually a new one formed off center. New leaves sprouted just above the cotyledons as well.
Don’t spray pyrethrum-based products with any grow lights still on!
Pyrethrum is an ingredient in certain insecticides. In this case it came from Dr. Doom. Pyrethrum is very photoreactive so because it was sprayed with the lights on it created a bad situation on the plant as you can see. It almost appears to burn it. The growth was very gnarly for awhile afterwards!
You can see the extreme stress the Pyrethrum combined with grow lights has put on the young plant.
Although this plant recovers, you can see how badly the burns stunted its growth, and you’ll notice that the regrowth that follows is a bit odd as the plant “ditches” the burnt parts and then gets back into the swing of things.
Growing with ScrOG Time-Lapse
Watch as these young plants are trained to fill up a ScrOG net. ScrOG stands for “Screen Of Green” and refers to using a “screen” (usually made of string) to force plants to grow into a flat canopy.
Seedling & Vegetative Stage
The above time-lapse video spans 40 days of growth. A frame was taken every 6 minutes. 50fps .
Once the screen has been “filled out” with vegetative growth, the grower will switch to the flowering stage. The ScrOG technique is used to get better yields out of your indoor grow lights, which are most effective when plants are kept as close to the lights as possible. The ScrOG technique makes it so that when buds start forming, the lights shine directly on the buds and fatten them.
You just saw these plants fill up the ScrOG net in the last video. Now watch as the colas from these scrogged plants fatten up throughout the flowering stage until harvest time.
Why do marijuana plants seem to “breathe” in time-lapse photography? Why do the leaves begin to droop down and then suddenly spring back up?
All plants do that. It partly has to do with their Circadian rhythms. Plants must put energy into keeping cell walls rigid to hold up the leaves. Kinda like using their “muscles”. With plants like cannabis, the leaves tend to “rest” at night and “perk up” when they “think” the sun is going to come out.
The plants also wilt when they’re thirsty and perk up after being watered.
Here’s a timelapse showing a plant putting its leaves up and down in response to the light
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Bonus Marijuana Time Lapse Videos
These have been circulating around the internet for a while, but if you haven’t seen them before, you don’t want to miss these bonus marijuana time-lapse videos.
Growing Marijuana Time Lapse – 80 days in 45 seconds
Sweet And Sour Headband Marijuana Time Lapse Grow – seed to harvest
Seedling to Harvest – Marijuana plant grown naturally without any plant training
Cannabis flowering time lapse videos
Interested to see what your next strain will really look like when it’s grown? This collection of Dutch Passion time lapse cannabis grow videos allows you to see each strain grown from seed to harvest. This allows you to observe growth rates at various points during cultivation and see precisely how tall, bushy and heavy these strains become. Sit back, relax, and enjoy watching some of Dutch Passion’s most popular autoflower seeds and photoperiod feminised seeds grown to harvest!
Auto Cinderella Jack time lapse video
With independent laboratory measured THC levels of over 25%, Auto Cinderella Jack is quite possibly the world’s strongest autoflower. A perfect choice for any grower wanting a guaranteed killer harvest of insanely potent buds.
For pure potency, you won’t find many more powerful autoflower strains! Just like the rest of the Dutch Passion autoflower seed collection, she is easy to grow under a wide range of grow conditions and grow techniques. This hybrid strain is equally at home indoors or outdoors. Indoors she takes around 75 days to grow from seed to harvest.
Auto Blackberry Kush time lapse video
If you like heavy harvests with some beautiful blue and deep purple hues to your buds then Auto Blackberry Kush is just what you’re looking for! With very high THC levels around (and perhaps above) 20% this is also a supremely potent strain that can satisfy even the most experienced smoker.
Auto Blackberry Kush may be one of the most visually stunning autoflower seeds you have ever grown. She could also be the quickest!, sometimes ready to harvest in as little as 9 weeks after planting the seeds. Pay attention to humidity towards the end of bloom, these heavy dense blooms benefit from lower humidity levels and good air circulation.
Auto Orange Bud time lapse video
Auto Orange Bud is part of the exclusive Dutch Passion Extremely High THC seed collection. This is reserved only for those exceptional strains which can approach 25% THC in good grow conditions. On top of that you get to enjoy the world famous original tangy Orange Bud taste of Mandarin and Orange.
The high powered anti-anxiety high combines with a mouth watering zesty flavour of freshly picked citrus fruit. Home grown cannabis simply doesn’t get much better than this! Auto Orange Bud is just as easy to grow as the rest of the Dutch Passion autoflower strains. Expect a straightforward, easy grow and a harvest around 10-11 weeks after seed germination.
Auto Lemon Kix time lapse video
Another member of the elite Extremely High THC seed collection, Auto Lemon Kix is one of the most potent autoflower strains currently available. The mind-numbingly powerful THC levels suit the more experienced cannabis user aiming for maximum potency.
One of the best features of Auto Lemon Kix is the unique, sweet multi-layered candied fruit flavours. It really is an unusually rich and delicious taste. Combined with the sky-high THC levels, the deliciously sweet taste completes the perfect all-round package. She’s easy to grow with heavy yields. What are you waiting for?
Auto Glueberry OG time lapse video
Auto Glueberry OG is part of the USA Special cannabis seed collection. She combines very high THC levels with exceptionally heavy harvests. She can take a week or so longer than other auto strains (typically 12 weeks from autoflower seed to harvest) but the wait will reward you with real XXL yields.
Auto Glueberry OG seeds suit the grower with the space to accommodate her tendency to grow tall and wide. She responds well to LST and training if you need to control her growth. In the right hands this strain is superior to most high-performance photoperiod strains in terms of yield and potency
Auto Banana Blaze time lapse video
If you like sweet, tropical fruity banana flavoured buds with heavy yields then Auto Banana Blaze is a perfect selection for your grow room. This auto strain suits the grower needing a plant with numerous chunky blooms, fast growth and no complicated grow room maintenance. Auto Banana Blaze reaches around a metre tall and is ready to harvest in about 11 weeks.
Auto Banana Blaze is a good auto to grow in the natural way, no special grow techniques are necessary to get the best out of this lady!
Auto Colorado Cookies time lapse video
Auto Colorado Cookies uses connoisseur quality parent genetics from Auto Blueberry and Girl Scout Cookies. This strain shows remarkable consistency, with all the plants generally showing similar XL growth structure and the same consistently very high THC levels. If you want predictable excellence from your grow room then Auto Colorado Cookies is a great way to achieve it.
It isn’t recommended to top/FIM this auto since you will lose out on the colossal main bloom. When harvesting, we recommend waiting for a few more amber trichomes than usual. This allows the buds to really deliver their very best high!
Auto Brooklyn Sunrise time lapse video
Auto Brooklyn Sunrise is a hybrid USA auto strain which takes around 11 weeks to grow from autoflower seed to harvest. The genetics come from a New York elite AK clone combined with Diesel. It’s a powerfully fuel flavoured strain with a fast acting and hugely pleasurable high.
The main advice when growing Auto Brooklyn Sunrise seeds is to go gently with the nutrients. This strain is happier with feeds on the light side. All in all, this is a real champion auto that delivers an enviable all round performance, combining speed, potency and yield with a complex but truly delightful diesel-taste.
Passion Fruit time lapse video
For any strain to carry the ‘Passion’ name you know it has to be exceptional! Passion Fruit is just that, a top-shelf photoperiod feminised strain made by hybridising original Orange Bud with Sweet Pink Grapefruit. The taste is citrus with pure Passion Fruit. THC levels are very high and bloom time is around 8 weeks.
In terms of grow latitude, Passion Fruit can handle cooler temperatures well. Cool night temperatures can produce some beautiful autumnal blue/purple hues in the buds and leaves. Not only does this increase bag appeal, this can also increase resin levels making her even more potent and sticky!
Auto Night Queen time lapse video
Auto Night Queen is a compact indica autoflower strain which takes around 10 weeks to grow from seed to harvest indoors. The short, stocky growth profile suits the indoor grower with limited headroom. The highly potent buds suit the experienced smoker who can handle very high THC levels and heavy indica effects!
These tough Afghani Kush genetics can take a beating. This makes her easy to grow in a range of indoor conditions. She also does well outdoors. The buds are particularly hard, dense and resinous. One small nugget goes a long way!
Auto Blueberry time lapse video
Auto Blueberry is a real connoisseurs delight. The sweet fruity blueberry taste is complemented by a smooth, powerful and long lasting high. What’s more, she is perhaps the fastest autoflower seed in the Dutch Passion collection. Some phenotypes are ready to harvest just 8-9 weeks after autoflower seed germination. Cannabis cultivation doesn’t get much faster than that!
With a short life cycle, in order to get the most from Auto Blueberry a fast growth system such as a Hydroponics method can deliver good results. Coco fibre may also help deliver large plants. Enjoy the great taste and the blissfully enjoyable high from this repeat customer favourite!
Auto Mazar time lapse video
Auto Mazar is a classic indica autoflower strain with cannabis cup winning Afghani Kush genetics. She delivers a powerful effect, a strong high with a powerful body stone which medical users adore. The taste is rich, deep and hash scented. Yields can be exceptionally high.
The best taste comes from organic growing, but the use of hydroponics allows the experienced grower to push these classic cannabis genetics right to their limit. Auto Mazar seeds are equally at home indoors as well as outdoors.
Auto StarRyder time lapse video
Auto StarRyder is another fast autoflower strain. She can be ready to harvest around 9 weeks after autoflower seed germination. She delivers heavy, rapid harvests of THC rich cannabis indoors but is also very highly rated by outdoor growers. This is a tough, robust but fine quality autoflower.
Auto StarRyder grows in an Xmas tree structure with plenty of side branches. These should yield heavily in good grow conditions. The plants often tend to remain on the compact side, making her a convenient indoor and outdoor strain.
Forest Dream time lapse video
Forest Dream is an outdoor variety developed in The Netherlands for growers with climates similar to the Northern European average. She is often ready to harvest in early October and uses robust, proven sativa genetics.
Forest Dream is easy to grow outdoors with good weather resistance. She usually reaches around 2m tall outdoors but can reach 3-4m in good conditions. A reliable and consistent choice for any guerrilla grower!
Watch more cannabis-related videos
These time lapse grow videos show you the type of result you can expect from Dutch Passion cannabis seeds. Great care is taken with the development of our prize-winning cannabis genetics, therefore we aim to give growers the best information about the type of grow they can expect.
Time-lapse videos are a great way to show you how the plants grow. Serious growers may also be interested in checking out the full Dutch Passion archive of grow reviews. You can find them here…
What was your favourite time lapse video? Please let us know your suggestions for new cannabis time lapse videos in the comments below. And don’t forget to check out our online cannabis seedshop. You can buy the best autoflower and feminised cannabis seeds there as well as keep track of our latest promotions.