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Mailing cannabis seeds to canada

Mailing cannabis seeds to canada

Posted By: Dr. C. November 26, 2020

Cannabis is getting more and more popular throughout Canada for medical purposes, but many people want to share their weed with friends and family in other cities or provinces. Maybe you’re looking for an original birthday gift, you want to share your favourite local strain with loved ones somewhere else in the country or just want to receive your favourite cannabis at your front door without any of the hassles. Whatever your reason is for sharing medical weed, sending it through the mail from a dispensary in Surrey can seem like the perfect and easiest way to get it to someone.

It’s completely legal for adults to share medical cannabis through the post. However, it is a regulated product with specific requirements when it comes to sending and receiving. Which makes it important to take into account all applicable legislations and regulations to make sure you’re doing it the right way.

Who can send and receive weed?

As the Cannabis Act came into effect in 2018, Cannabis is legal for recreational and medical purposes for adults across Canada. However, the legal age varies by province and it’s important to keep this in mind when it comes to sending weed. Whilst it’s legal to consume marihuana at the age of 18 in Alberta, the minimum age for use in British Columbia is 19, so while an 18-year-old can send weed from Alberta, they would not be able to receive it in British Columbia.

The age restrictions per province are as follows, something to keep in mind if you’re looking to send weed to someone across the country:

  • Legal age of 18: Alberta
  • Legal age of 19: British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan and Yukon
  • Legal age of 21: Quebec

How do you receive weed?

If a friend or family member has decided to send you some of their favourite weed for you to try and enjoy, the receiving of it is fairly simple. According to Canada Post, proof of age will be mandatory for the receiving of weed and is defined by each territory. If you, the receiver, appear to be younger than 25 years of age, the trained delivery agent will require an acceptable photo ID before handing over the parcel. Finally, you will also have to sign for the package. Your friend or family member sending the parcel will be able to track the entire process and make sure you receive it correctly.

There are other options too, with services like Uber Eats or Just Eat on the rise, it was only a matter of time for weed delivery services to appear. That’s right, it’s now possible to receive weed from the comfort of your home not just through the Canada Post, but through hassle-free delivery services like surrey’s weed delivery companies or King Crop Delivery. Whichever option you choose, always remember to have a valid photo ID on you in order to receive and enjoy your weed.

How much medical cannabis can you send?

Following the Cannabis Act, adults who are 18 years or older are legally allowed to possess up to 30 grams of legal cannabis dried or equivalent in non-dried form in public. The legal sharing amount with other adults is also of up to 30 grams.

Now, it’s important to take into account that the possession limits in the Cannabis Act are based on dried cannabis. It’s important to understand the equivalents of other cannabis products to identify the correct possession limit.

One gram of dried cannabis is equal to:

  • 5 grams of fresh cannabis
  • 15 grams of edible cannabis
  • 70 grams of liquid product cannabis
  • 0.35 grams of concentrates
  • 1 cannabis plant seed

If you’re looking to send any of these forms of cannabis, make sure that the equivalent is not over 30 grams of dried cannabis.

How do you send weed in the mail?

With the legalization of weed, it’s become very easy to send and receive weed through the mail. Whether you’re looking to send some to a friend or get some for yourself, it’s possible to do it without much effort. When it comes to shipping marihuana, shipments must follow federal, provincial and municipal government regulations.

All cannabis deliveries must follow these packaging requirements and recommendations in order to be considered for shipping:

Odourless

This is one of the most important and tricky aspects of packaging your weed. It must remain odourless, it can’t smell like weed. You can do it yourself or buy already made odourless mailing packages. If you want to do it yourself, it’s recommended to use two packages:

Inside packaging

Use a small plastic container or a vacuum-sealed bag to avoid the smell coming through. Make sure you test it at home first, as many zip-top or zipper bags aren’t odour-resistant even when using multiple bags.

For cannabis oil, make sure you use a leak proof container to avoid the product from getting spilled. If it were to leak, the package would probably be discarded so be wary.

Outside packaging

Once you’ve secured the weed in a small plastic bag, make sure that you handle the outer packaging, the actual envelope, in a different room. If you keep it near your weed, chances are the smell will linger.

Unmarked shipping packaging

The packaging mustn’t provide any indication of the content. It cannot have any words, symbols or illustrations related to cannabis. If the parcels are identifiable as containing cannabis due to smell or aspect, they will be removed from the delivery network and treated as non-mailable.

Childproof

Health Canada has strict regulations on cannabis handling in order to keep it safe and amongst adults. Make sure that the packaging you use is child-resistant and thus, not easily opened.

Tamper proof

Apply a security seal on the outside of the product to assure that the package has not been opened prior to purchase. This way you will ensure the quality and safety of the weed.

Conclusion

Mailing weed in Canada isn’t a difficult process, but it’s important to follow all requirements in order to do so correctly and have the weed arrive at its destination safely. Remember to stay up to date with local regulations and follow our tips for safe and easy mailing.

Weed seeds may be legal to ship across the US, DEA says

Cannabis commercial and home growers alike may be able to get their seeds from all over the country now, and not have to worry about breaking federal law. Before, because of federal illegality, cannabis seeds have been restricted to the state in which they were produced, so a strain bred and grown in one state, legally, could not go beyond that state’s boundaries.

A recent legal clarification by the federal Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) could mean that the seeds of cannabis strains popular in one part of the country could legally be shipped to another part of the country, because the DEA considers all forms of cannabis seeds to be federally legal hemp.

That means strains popular in mature markets like Washington, Oregon, and California could make their way to legal markets on the East Coast in Massachusetts and Maine, and soon-to-open markets like New Jersey and New York.

Marijuana Moment reporter Kyle Jaeger recently unearthed a letter from DEA officials that clarifies the definition of cannabis seeds, clones, and tissue cultures, which could open up a whole range of possibilities for cannabis growers, and could spread a diversity of strains across legal markets all over the country, opening up the gene pool and leading to new trends and tastes in weed.

Are weed seeds illegal?

Right now, cannabis strains are somewhat isolated in the regions they are bred and created, as they can’t be transported beyond state lines. For example, even though recreational weed is legal at the state level in both California and Oregon, moving a plant from one of those states to the other is illegal at the federal level. This forces cannabis growers and breeders to operate within the confines of a specific state.

That’s not to say that a strain bred in California won’t end up in Oregon—it happens all the time, but it is technically illegal, according to federal law.

Many cannabis breeders and seed banks sell seeds throughout the US, but they operate in a legal gray area. Typically, seed producers say their seeds are sold for “novelty” or “souvenir” purposes, giving them a loophole to skirt the law.

If cannabis seeds are found in the mail, they could be seized and the sender or receiver arrested, however, the fact of the matter is that seeds are very difficult to detect. Cannabis seeds are usually less than a ¼” in diameter and don’t smell like weed. A packet of 10 seeds is about the size of four quarters stacked.

But all that might have changed in 2018 without anyone knowing.

Defining ‘source’ vs. ‘material’

In 2018, Congress passed a farm bill that legalized hemp in the US. It defined “hemp” as any cannabis plant with less than 0.3% THC. This allows hemp to be grown and used for industrial purposes—for creating textiles and materials. The 2018 bill also opened up hemp production for the creation of cannabinoids other than delta-9 THC, such as CBD, delta-8, and others.

Because CBD and delta-8 products are usually extracted from hemp plants, that is, cannabis plants containing less than 0.3% THC, they can be found in states that don’t have legal, recreational cannabis.

In November, Shane Pennington, counsel at Vicente Sederberg LLP in New York, wrote to DEA officials asking for clarification of the definition of a cannabis seed, clone, and tissue culture.

Cannabis seeds have always been deemed illegal because they come from plants that are high in THC. The source of the seeds is above 0.3% THC, and therefore anything that comes from those plants, such as seeds, has also been considered illegal cannabis.

Pennington argued that the source of the material doesn’t determine legality, but the material itself—meaning that because a cannabis seed itself contains less than 0.3% THC, it should be classified as hemp. If seeds are hemp, they are not a controlled substance—and are therefore federally legal.

“When it comes to determining whether a particular cannabis-related substance is federally legal ‘hemp’ or schedule I “marihuana,” it is the substance itself that matters—not its source,” Pennington wrote in a blog post.

Exotic Genetix Mike, founder of cannabis producer Exotic Genetix, said the DEA’s ruling “Is what we’ve always kind of practiced. [Seeds contain] less than 0.3% THC—they’re not a controlled substance.”

Mike welcomed the news: “It’s been clarified. Not just what we do is legal, but the money we make for doing it is also legal and not an illegal enterprise.”

What implications does this have for the weed industry?

If the DEA and federal government allow seeds to cross state lines, adults could grow and consume seeds and strains from all over the country in their own state. Certain strains would no longer be confined to a specific region, but could be enjoyed all across the nation.

“It’ll spark innovation, if people can bring it above ground, it can be regulated,” said Pennington in an interview with Leafly.

Regulation can bring more investment, a bigger industry, and more acceptance of the plant.

Breaking down transportation barriers across states would also open up the cannabis gene pool, giving breeders a bigger diversity of strains to work with. The number and diversity of new strains would likely increase, tapping into new consumer trends and flavors.

More strains also means that certain strains could be pinpointed and bred specifically for certain effects, whether for medical or recreational purposes.

But according to Pennington, perhaps the biggest implication is that “This sends a signal, clearly, to state legislators, state regulators, and to groups that lobby those folks… the federal law is more flexible than you assumed.”

States take their cue from the DEA when creating their own drug laws, so seeing the agency relax its stance on shipping cannabis genetics could cause states to follow suit, breaking down protectionist state laws.

This could also open up more accurate research on the plant, according to Pennington. For decades, cannabis research was limited to The University of Mississippi, which grew weed with a low potency, around 8% THC. However, most dispensaries sell cannabis with a THC percentage around 20%. Being able to ship genetics across the country would allow for more robust research into the plant, using strains that mirror what adults are actually buying in stores and consuming.

How binding is the DEA letter?

The DEA calls the letter an “official determination,” but whether or not they are legally bound to this position is a bit hazy.

“That to me sure seems like something the agency would either be bound to going forward or at least be very hesitant to deviate from in any kind of enforcement context,” said Pennington.

For now, the DEA’s acknowledgment that cannabis seeds, clones, and tissue cultures are not controlled substances isn’t law, but it is a big step forward in relaxing restrictions on cannabis.

Regulation of cannabis seed

As of October 17, 2018, the cultivation of cannabis seed is permitted in accordance with the requirements of the Cannabis Act and Regulations.

CFIA’s role in the regulation of cannabis seed

The CFIA regulates the import, export, certification and grading of cannabis seed under the following acts and regulations:

The CFIA’s Seeds Act and Regulations and Plant Protection Act and Regulations regulate cannabis seed in the following ways:

  • delivery of the pedigreed seed crop inspection system
  • labelling requirements of the Seeds Act and Regulations will apply to seed of cannabis
  • import:
      sativa outlines the import requirements for plants and seeds
    • The Seeds Act and Regulations will regulate the import of cannabis seed. The ABCs of Seed Importation into Canada outline these requirements

    Cannabis with novel traits

    Cannabis could also be subject to assessment under the Seeds Act and Seeds Regulations as a plant with novel traits, if a novel trait was introduced in to the crop.