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Is it illegal to have cannabis seeds in the us

Buying Marijuana Seeds in United States 2022

Laws on Buying & Growing Marijuana Seeds in the United States. Growing Tips, Recommended Strains, and the Best Seed Banks That Ship to the United States For the 2022 Growing Season.

In recent years, the United States has seen its cannabis laws change rapidly. While the election outcome in November 2016 has kept federal cannabis laws from changing, individual states have taken up the push for reform, changing their laws to allow legal medical – and in many cases, recreational cannabis. A change of cannabis laws at the federal level in Canada will likely put pressure on the US to legalize as a country, but until then, all of the action is happening at the state level. Here’s all you need to know about using and possessing marijuana, as well as growing or buying cannabis seeds in the United States.

In a Nutshell — Which U.S. States Allow Americans to Buy and Grow Cannabis Seeds from Seed Banks?

As you travel throughout the United States, you’ll find that different states have different laws pertaining to recreational or medical marijuana — especially in seed form.

In some states, both recreational and medical marijuana are legal, while others only allow people to possess pot and buy cannabis seeds from seed banks for the purpose of cultivation if they have a prescription from a doctor.

While the specific laws are different in each state, let’s break down which states allow cannabis cultivators to buy and grow cannabis seeds.

You’ll be surprised by how many states allow home cultivators to buy and grow weed seeds from local or online seed banks for medical or recreational purposes!

As of 2022, Recreational and Medical Marijuana Is Legal In:

  • Alaska (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Alaska)
  • California (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in California)
  • Colorado (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Colorado)
  • Connecticut (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Connecticut)
  • Maine (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Maine)
  • Michigan (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Michigan)
  • Massachusetts (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Massachusetts)
  • Nevada (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Nevada)
  • New Mexico (Recreational weed is legal starting June 2021.) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in New Mexico)
  • New York (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in New York)
  • Oregon (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Oregon)
  • Vermont (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Vermont)
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Guam (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Guam)
  • Washington (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Washington)
  • The District of Columbia (or Washington D.C.) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Washington DC)
  • Arizona (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Arizona)
  • Illinois (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Illinois)
  • Montana (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Montana)
  • New Jersey (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in New Jersey)

States That Have Legalized Medical, but Not Recreational, Marijuana Are:

  • Alabama (Alabama just passed medical cannabis, but the law has yet to go into effect) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Alabama)
  • Arkansas (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Arkansas)
  • Delaware (recreational weed has been decriminalized but is still illegal) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Delaware)
  • Florida (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Florida)
  • Georgia (Georgia doesn’t have medical marijuana but does allow access to low-THC CBD products) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Georgia)
  • Hawaii (recreational weed has been decriminalized but is still illegal) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Hawaii)
  • Indiana (Indiana’s medical cannabis program only includes access to low-THC products like CBD oil) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Indiana)
  • Iowa (Iow’s medical cannabis program only includes access to low-THC products like CBD oil) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Iowa)
  • Kentucky (Kentucky doesn’t have medical marijuana but does allow access to low-THC CBD products) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Kentucky)
  • Louisiana (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Louisiana)
  • Maryland (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Maryland)
  • Minnesota (recreational weed has been decriminalized but is still illegal) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Minnesota)
  • Missouri (recreational weed has been decriminalized but is still illegal) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Missouri)
  • New Hampshire (recreational weed, in quantities up to ¾ oz, has been decriminalized but is still illegal) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in New Hampshire)
  • North Carolina (North Carolina doesn’t have medical marijuana but does allow access to low-THC CBD products) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in North Carolina)
  • North Dakota (recreational weed has been decriminalized, in quantities under .5 oz, but is still illegal) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in North Dakota)
  • Ohio (recreational weed has been decriminalized but is still illegal) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Ohio)
  • Oklahoma (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Oklahoma)
  • Pennsylvania (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Pennsylvania)
  • Puerto Rico (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Puerto Rico)
  • Rhode Island (recreational weed has been decriminalized but is still illegal) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Rhode Island)
  • South Carolina (South Carolina doesn’t have medical marijuana but does allow access to low-THC CBD products) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in South Carolina)
  • South Dakota (medical marijuana program begins July 2021) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in South Dakota)
  • Tennessee (Tennessee is still extremely restrictive, the medical marijuana program only includes access to low-THC products like CBD oil) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Tennessee)
  • Texas (Texas is still extremely restrictive, the medical marijuana program only includes access to low-THC products like CBD oil) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Texas)
  • United States Virgin Islands (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in the United States Virgin Islands)
  • Utah (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Utah)
  • Virginia (recreational weed will be legal beginning July 1, 2021) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Virginia)
  • West Virginia (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in West Virginia)

States That Have Complete Marijuana Prohibition Are:

  • Idaho (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Idaho)
  • Kansas (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Kansas)
  • Mississippi (Only medical CBD oil is allowed) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Mississippi)
  • Nebraska (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Nebraska)
  • Wisconsin (Only medical CBD oil is allowed) (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Wisconsin)
  • Wyoming (Guide: Buy Cannabis Seeds in Wyoming)

However, it’s crucial to note that cannabis in all forms is illegal at the federal level.

Now that you have a clear picture of the legal framework of which states in the USA allow medical or recreational marijuana — continue reading to learn everything there is to know about buying and growing cannabis seeds in the US, such as:

  • The best cannabis seeds to buy in the United States
  • A curated list of grow tips
  • Our recommended list of top-rated seed banks that ship to the USA
  • The laws throughout the US that govern buying and growing marijuana seeds from seed banks

Are you ready to buy cannabis seeds with ease from online seed banks for the 2022 growing season? If so — scroll down and continue reading!

Girl Scout Cookies

Growing Cannabis Seeds in The United States

If you live in a cannabis-friendly state and you’re ready to test out your green thumb — it’s time to buy marijuana seeds from a seed bank and get growing!

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However, there are a few obstacles that you must consider, such as:

  • Which cannabis seeds are best for your specific climate?
  • Which marijuana seed strains are the best overall to grow in the US?

Continue reading to find out which cannabis seed strains rank high on our list, along with professional growing tips that’ll transform your 2022 growing season into a bumper-crop year.

When to Sprout Cannabis Seeds in The United States

Once your prized cannabis seeds arrive from a seed bank — it’s time to determine when to germinate them.

Remember — the United States is big. In other words, there are many different climate zones, with each exhibiting unique obstacles to the grower.

However, here’s the general timeline of when to sprout your new weed seeds:

  • March-April (warmer climate zones, such as California)
  • April-May (cooler climate zones, such as Minnesota)

Ultimately, once the threat of frost passes — it’s time to plop your weed seeds in the ground and wait for them to poke out their heads. As long as you buy marijuana seeds from a reputable seed bank — you’re sure to experience a high germination rate.

Issues to Consider When Growing Marijuana Seeds in The United States

As with the previous section, each state’s climate is a major limiting factor to which marijuana seed strains you can grow.

Tips for Growing Cannabis Seeds in the USA

Now, let’s discuss a few tips for growing marijuana seeds in the United States.

Buy Cannabis Seeds from a Reputable Online or Local Seed Bank in the US

The most important tip that we can recommend is always to buy marijuana seeds from a reputable seed bank.

By buying marijuana seeds from highly-ranked seed banks, you’ll ensure:

  • High germination rate
  • Vigorous plants
  • Sky-high yields
  • Verified seed strains
Buy Cannabis Seeds for The State’s Climate

In warmer regions, such as California, intense heat waves occur in the summer, which can scorch your crop. Alternatively, colder regions, such as Maine, experience long winters and short summers.

Unless you grow your marijuana seed strains indoors, you must choose cannabis seed strains that offer adequate flowering times. The primary reason is that you don’t want to grow a long flowering strain in a region that exhibits a short summer, or vice versa.

Luckily, our recommended seed banks display flowering times on seed descriptions, so you know what to expect!

Plan Your Cannabis Garden In Advance

Last but not least is always to plan your marijuana garden.

It’s helpful to write what you need to do and then check off each part of the list as you complete them. Here’s a mock-up of a list that’ll help you ensure a heavy yielding cannabis garden:

  • Determine your climate
  • Choose the best cannabis seed strain for your climate
  • Buy the marijuana seeds from a reputable seed bank
  • Plan your garden
  • Get growing!

Which Marijuana Seed Store Is the Best Option for US Residents?

Ok, now we’re getting to the fun part!

Although cannabis seeds are illegal under federal law — they are legal in most states that allow medical or recreational marijuana. However, if you live in a draconian state that doesn’t allow either — it’s easy to find a seed store that ships to any state in the USA.

As a US resident (depending on where you live), you have the choice of buying cannabis seeds from a local seed store or online seed bank. Let’s take a look at your two options and which is the best route.

Local American Seed Stores

If you wish to support a local seed store in the United States, this option may appeal to you.

Brands such as Greenwolf, Los Angeles Farmers, and many other storefront dispensaries in the US offer marijuana seeds. However, many of the cannabis seeds on offer are expensive and may not be verified.

Once again, if you absolutely want to buy marijuana seeds from a local seed shop — most recreational and medical states allow it. You may, however, be disappointed by the seed selection.

Online Seed Banks That Ship to The United States

If you’re looking for deals, immense selection, and top-shelf seed strains — look no further than buying weed seeds from online seed banks that ship to all states in the USA.

From stealth-shipping to ultra-fast shipping speeds — here are our top two seed banks that ship marijuana seeds to the United States.

    – The quality of cannabis seeds that you can purchase from MSNL seed bank makes it one of the best around when buying marijuana seeds in the United States. Based in London, United Kingdom, marijuana-seeds.nl is known for reliably delivering juicy strains at low prices. MSNL accepts Bitcoin (including other cryptocurrencies), debit/credit cards, bank transfers, cash, and money orders. – A reputable breeder and seed store, discreetly ships to the United States. They deliver when they say they will do so and provide supreme-quality cannabis seeds, including shipping and germination guarantees. There are several ways to pay, from cash, credit cards, Bitcoin, or bank transfer — you name it!

Marijuana-Seeds.NL – High Quality Genetics. Shipping Worldwide.

Recommended Cannabis Seed Strains to Buy from Online Seed Banks and Grow in The United States

When you want to grow the best weed imaginable — buy these three top-shelf seed strains from a reputable seed bank for mind-blowing results.

Girl Scout Cookies

Girl Scout Cookies

When it comes to American weed — nothing is as red, white, and blue as the Girl Scout Cookies seed strain.

From ease-of-growth to dense nugs covered in frost, you’ll never get tired of this indica-dominant beauty. Furthermore, the Girl Scout Cookies seed strain offers an 8-week flowering time, making it perfect for all United States regions.

Super Silver Haze

Super Silver Haze

If you want an energetic blitz with award-winning characteristics to back it up — look no further than the Super Silver Haze seed strain.

Although Super Silver Haze grows tall — it can be tamed indoors or outdoors with a few training techniques. At 9-10-weeks, the Super Silver Haze seed strain is one of the fastest flowering sativa-dominant hybrids around.

Known for its hands-off growth, you’ll enjoy these tropically potent buds anywhere in the USA come harvest time.

Wedding Cake

The Wedding Cake seed strain is a match made in heaven.

With enough THC content that’ll make your head spin, you’ll be saying “I do” before you know what’s happening. Growers that buy Wedding Cake seeds from reputable seed banks will find a rapid flowering beauty that generates a lot of gorgeous weed for an indica-dominant variety.

In other words, the Wedding Cake seed strain is easy to grow and perfect for nearly any climate zone in the US. It simply doesn’t get better than this!

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Remember, you can find these three cannabis seed strains at our recommended seed banks in feminized form.

The Smorgasbord of Medical and Recreational Cannabis Laws in The United States

Before we begin this section, here’s the TLDR version of the essential facts regarding cannabis laws in the united states:

  • Cannabis (in all forms) is illegal at the federal level
  • Individual states may enact laws that legalize medical or recreational cannabis laws
  • Each individual state’s cannabis regulations may differ from one to the other

Laws vary from state to state in terms of how much weed you can possess, what forms of cannabis you can legally buy, who can qualify to purchase it for medical purposes, and how many plants you can grow, should you buy cannabis seeds from a seed bank in the United States.

Examples of What to Expect When Buying Cannabis Seeds from Seed Stores from State to State

For example, in Alaska, you’re allowed to possess up to an ounce of weed and buy cannabis seeds from seed banks. Meanwhile, in Oregon, while you can only carry an ounce while in public, you can have up to eight ounces stashed at home and any number of un-germinated seeds from a seed bank.

Traveling from State to State with Cannabis Seeds

Should you travel from state to state within the United States, check to determine what the individual laws are where you’ll be staying. In states with legal weed, it’s legal to drive around with cannabis seeds that you’ve purchased from a local or online seed bank as long as they’re in their original packaging.

What You Should Never Do While Traveling with Cannabis Seeds or Flowers

It is never legal to drive while under the influence of marijuana. If you do and get caught, you’re going to have a bad time.

It’s also illegal to take marijuana flowers or cannabis seeds over state lines (even into another weed-friendly state). As individual state laws are undergoing a lot of changes where cannabis is concerned, do a bit of reading on the specifics of wherever you’re planning to travel to see if there have been any updates before you go.

Cannabis Products and Cannabis Seeds Are Always Illegal at the Federal Level — for Now

However, it’s important to remember that any individual state law may change; federal cannabis policy in the U.S. remains unaffected for the time being. Under the Federal Controlled Substances Act of 1970, marijuana was classified as a Schedule I drug, placing it among harder drugs such as cocaine and heroin. With the enactment of the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp and products derived from it were no longer classified as Schedule I substances.

James M. Cole, the Deputy Attorney General under former U.S. President Barack Obama, issued a memorandum in 2013 stating that the Justice Department would not focus on enforcement in states that had “legalized marijuana in some form…” This took some of the pressure off of dispensaries (and their clientele) in states with legal cannabis. In 2018, Attorney General Jeff Sessions (who was appointed by President Donald Trump) rescinded the memo, creating an uproar in the cannabis community. Fortunately, the Trump Justice Department did not take action to enforce federal cannabis laws, allowing the cannabis industry to continue operating in states that had legalized it.

Buying & Growing Cannabis Seeds Recreationally: Differences Within the USA

Depending on where you go in the United States, you will find different laws on weed cultivation and buying cannabis seeds from seed banks in 2022. At the federal level, buying cannabis seeds is illegal. It’s also illegal to buy them if you live in a state where possessing and growing your own weed isn’t legal.

In states with legalized cannabis, just as with possessing and using weed, laws governing growing and buying cannabis seeds differ from state to state. Under D.C. law, for example, an adult (21 years and older) can cultivate up to six marijuana plants (with a maximum of twelve plants to a household) in one location for recreational purposes. Only three plants per person may be mature at one time. Also, you can transfer up to one ounce of weed as an adult to another adult, but marijuana sales are still illegal there. So gift away if you live in D.C., but don’t allow any money to change hands!

Meanwhile, in Oregon, you can only grow up to four plants from seed for recreational reasons. Also, to cultivate at home, you must pay fees, and the marijuana odor must be controlled in a manner as such that the public does not notice it. Selling cannabis without a license is forbidden there, as is the case in most states with legalized pot.

In Alaska, personal cannabis cultivation from seed is restricted to six plants, but only three of them can be flowering at one time. Transfer limits are one ounce, which is the same as in D.C. As you can see, it’s important to know before you grow!

Legal Analysis: Buying Medical Marijuana Seeds in The US from Seed Banks in 2022

For patients, knowing medical marijuana seed laws is important so that you stay compliant. Possession limits vary by state, so be sure to research laws in your current location in 2022 to understand how many cannabis seeds to buy from a local or online seed bank.

Here are a few examples:

In New Jersey, where the law governing medical cannabis was passed in 2010, patients can legally germinate up to six cannabis seeds and possess three ounces of usable weed for medicinal use in any given 30 day period.

However, go to Montana, and you can germinate four cannabis seeds and possess five ounces total in a month. The limits are different, yet again, in Delaware; the legal possession limit for medical marijuana patients is six usable ounces. The laws differ still in New Hampshire, where you can possess only two ounces of usable marijuana for medical purposes for ten days.

In other US states, you can legally possess a certain number of plants for medical use; though be aware that not all states allow for the home-growing from cannabis seeds. In New Mexico, you can legally have up to 16 plants, with up to four of them being mature at one time. Go to Vermont, though, and you will see this number cut down to six, with only two flowering at one time.

These examples show that you need to be aware of the legal limits regarding growing cannabis seeds in the state where you reside, to ensure you stay on the right side of the law. Moving between states means you must be cognizant of the local laws and recognize that laws can change quickly.

Weed seeds may be legal to ship across the US, DEA says

Cannabis commercial and home growers alike may be able to get their seeds from all over the country now, and not have to worry about breaking federal law. Before, because of federal illegality, cannabis seeds have been restricted to the state in which they were produced, so a strain bred and grown in one state, legally, could not go beyond that state’s boundaries.

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A recent legal clarification by the federal Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) could mean that the seeds of cannabis strains popular in one part of the country could legally be shipped to another part of the country, because the DEA considers all forms of cannabis seeds to be federally legal hemp.

That means strains popular in mature markets like Washington, Oregon, and California could make their way to legal markets on the East Coast in Massachusetts and Maine, and soon-to-open markets like New Jersey and New York.

Marijuana Moment reporter Kyle Jaeger recently unearthed a letter from DEA officials that clarifies the definition of cannabis seeds, clones, and tissue cultures, which could open up a whole range of possibilities for cannabis growers, and could spread a diversity of strains across legal markets all over the country, opening up the gene pool and leading to new trends and tastes in weed.

Are weed seeds illegal?

Right now, cannabis strains are somewhat isolated in the regions they are bred and created, as they can’t be transported beyond state lines. For example, even though recreational weed is legal at the state level in both California and Oregon, moving a plant from one of those states to the other is illegal at the federal level. This forces cannabis growers and breeders to operate within the confines of a specific state.

That’s not to say that a strain bred in California won’t end up in Oregon—it happens all the time, but it is technically illegal, according to federal law.

Many cannabis breeders and seed banks sell seeds throughout the US, but they operate in a legal gray area. Typically, seed producers say their seeds are sold for “novelty” or “souvenir” purposes, giving them a loophole to skirt the law.

If cannabis seeds are found in the mail, they could be seized and the sender or receiver arrested, however, the fact of the matter is that seeds are very difficult to detect. Cannabis seeds are usually less than a ¼” in diameter and don’t smell like weed. A packet of 10 seeds is about the size of four quarters stacked.

But all that might have changed in 2018 without anyone knowing.

Defining ‘source’ vs. ‘material’

In 2018, Congress passed a farm bill that legalized hemp in the US. It defined “hemp” as any cannabis plant with less than 0.3% THC. This allows hemp to be grown and used for industrial purposes—for creating textiles and materials. The 2018 bill also opened up hemp production for the creation of cannabinoids other than delta-9 THC, such as CBD, delta-8, and others.

Because CBD and delta-8 products are usually extracted from hemp plants, that is, cannabis plants containing less than 0.3% THC, they can be found in states that don’t have legal, recreational cannabis.

In November, Shane Pennington, counsel at Vicente Sederberg LLP in New York, wrote to DEA officials asking for clarification of the definition of a cannabis seed, clone, and tissue culture.

Cannabis seeds have always been deemed illegal because they come from plants that are high in THC. The source of the seeds is above 0.3% THC, and therefore anything that comes from those plants, such as seeds, has also been considered illegal cannabis.

Pennington argued that the source of the material doesn’t determine legality, but the material itself—meaning that because a cannabis seed itself contains less than 0.3% THC, it should be classified as hemp. If seeds are hemp, they are not a controlled substance—and are therefore federally legal.

“When it comes to determining whether a particular cannabis-related substance is federally legal ‘hemp’ or schedule I “marihuana,” it is the substance itself that matters—not its source,” Pennington wrote in a blog post.

Exotic Genetix Mike, founder of cannabis producer Exotic Genetix, said the DEA’s ruling “Is what we’ve always kind of practiced. [Seeds contain] less than 0.3% THC—they’re not a controlled substance.”

Mike welcomed the news: “It’s been clarified. Not just what we do is legal, but the money we make for doing it is also legal and not an illegal enterprise.”

What implications does this have for the weed industry?

If the DEA and federal government allow seeds to cross state lines, adults could grow and consume seeds and strains from all over the country in their own state. Certain strains would no longer be confined to a specific region, but could be enjoyed all across the nation.

“It’ll spark innovation, if people can bring it above ground, it can be regulated,” said Pennington in an interview with Leafly.

Regulation can bring more investment, a bigger industry, and more acceptance of the plant.

Breaking down transportation barriers across states would also open up the cannabis gene pool, giving breeders a bigger diversity of strains to work with. The number and diversity of new strains would likely increase, tapping into new consumer trends and flavors.

More strains also means that certain strains could be pinpointed and bred specifically for certain effects, whether for medical or recreational purposes.

But according to Pennington, perhaps the biggest implication is that “This sends a signal, clearly, to state legislators, state regulators, and to groups that lobby those folks… the federal law is more flexible than you assumed.”

States take their cue from the DEA when creating their own drug laws, so seeing the agency relax its stance on shipping cannabis genetics could cause states to follow suit, breaking down protectionist state laws.

This could also open up more accurate research on the plant, according to Pennington. For decades, cannabis research was limited to The University of Mississippi, which grew weed with a low potency, around 8% THC. However, most dispensaries sell cannabis with a THC percentage around 20%. Being able to ship genetics across the country would allow for more robust research into the plant, using strains that mirror what adults are actually buying in stores and consuming.

How binding is the DEA letter?

The DEA calls the letter an “official determination,” but whether or not they are legally bound to this position is a bit hazy.

“That to me sure seems like something the agency would either be bound to going forward or at least be very hesitant to deviate from in any kind of enforcement context,” said Pennington.

For now, the DEA’s acknowledgment that cannabis seeds, clones, and tissue cultures are not controlled substances isn’t law, but it is a big step forward in relaxing restrictions on cannabis.