What Is Hemp?
Nutritional Advantages of Eating Hemp Seeds and Hempseed Oil
Sherry Christiansen is a medical writer with a healthcare background. She has worked in the hospital setting and collaborated on Alzheimer’s research.
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Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is grown for use in many different products. Hemp is made into foods, health products, fabric, rope, natural remedies, and much more. Different parts of the hemp plant are used to make different products.
Hemp seeds are edible and highly nutritious. They have a high concentration of fiber. They also contain omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. These fatty acids are nutrients that are important for heart and skin health.
Hemp is sometimes confused with marijuana. Hemp, however, contains only trace amounts of THC, the main chemical in the marijuana plant that makes people get “high.” Because hemp contains little THC, it is grown for non-drug use.
This article discusses some of the health benefits of hemp, its uses, and its potential side effects. It also answers some common questions about hemp and how it should be used and stored.
Also Known As
- Narrow-leaf hemp
- Bitter root
- Indian hemp
- Wild cotton
Does Hemp Offer Any Benefits?
There are three different plants in the Cannabis genus, also called the Cannabaceae family. These include Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Hemp varieties of Cannabis contain 0.3% or less THC. Marijuana varieties have more than 0.3%. Higher amounts of THC can produce a high.
The seeds are the main edible part of the hemp plant. The leaves can be used to make tea, but most of the nutrients are in the seeds. In fact, hemp seeds are over 30% fat, including essential fatty acids. The potential health benefits of hemp, therefore, come mainly from its seeds.
Hemp seeds are, as the name implies, the seeds of the hemp plant. Hemp hearts are seeds that have had the shell removed.
Hemp seeds are high in soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber dissolves in water, while insoluble fiber does not. Both types of fiber are important for digestion. Because hemp hearts lack the fibrous shell, they are lower in fiber and other nutrients than whole hemp seeds.
Hemp seeds are also rich in gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). GLA is an omega-6 fatty acid that has been shown to have many health benefits. A 2016 study found that GLA has strong anti-inflammatory properties.
Hemp seeds contain a 3-to-1 ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acids. This is considered an optimal ratio for heart and brain health.
This ratio is difficult to get in the Western diet. Western diets tend to be too heavy in omega-6 fatty acids, which can be found in foods like vegetable oil. Many Western diets don’t contain enough omega-3 fatty acids. These are found in foods like salmon and other wild-caught, cold-water fish.
Hemp seeds contain many nutrients, including protein, minerals (such as magnesium, calcium, iron, and zinc), and vitamins.
Whole hemp seeds contain 20% soluble and 80% insoluble fiber. The fiber in hemp seeds may help digestion. It may also help lower bad cholesterol and improve heart health. The insoluble fiber in hemp seeds has also been linked to a lower risk of diabetes.
Hemp Oil vs. CBD Oil
Hemp oil is also called hempseed oil. It is made by cold-pressing hemp seeds. Hempseed oil is different from CBD oil. CBD oil is extracted from the cannabis plant and then combined with a base oil. Examples of base oils include coconut or olive oil.
Hempseed oil comes from hemp seeds only. It is not derived from the Cannabis plant itself. Hempseed oil does not contain any psychoactive properties. You can not use it to get high. Hemp oil has unique properties and health benefits.
Hemp oil contains healthy nutrients such as:
- Essential fatty acids (EFAs), which are important for good health
- Minerals like zinc, magnesium, calcium, iron, and more
- Antioxidants like vitamin E
Hemp oil can be used as a cooking oil. Just like any other type of healthy oil, it can be added to foods such as salads, dips, and spreads.
Animal studies have suggested that hempseed oil may lower blood pressure. It may also reduce the risk of stroke and heart attack. This hasn’t been proven in human studies, though.
Hemp oil is often used as a hair conditioner or a skin moisturizer. Some studies found that hemp seed oil may improve dry, itchy skin and help symptoms of eczema, a common skin condition. When used for eczema symptoms, it may reduce the need for prescription medication.
Hemp oil is not the same as CBD oil. Hemp oil comes from the seed of the hemp plant. It can be used for cooking or as a hair conditioner or skin moisturizer.
Hemp protein is a powder made from the seeds of the hemp plant. Hemp protein contains all nine essential amino acids. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein. Some studies, though, have shown that hemp protein isn’t as good a source of one amino acid, lysine, compared to soy protein.
Hemp protein is a good choice for vegetarians or vegans because it contains essential fatty acids. Whole hemp seeds contain about 25% protein. This is higher than flax or chia seeds, which contain only around 20% and 18% protein, respectively.
Other Health Benefits
There is not enough clinical research data to back up claims that hemp is a safe or effective treatment for any condition. People still use it as a remedy for many illnesses, though, including:
- Heart problems
- Urinary conditions (increasing urine flow)
- Warts (when applied to the skin)
How It Works
Hemp contains chemicals that may affect the heart and might help reduce blood pressure. Hemp also contains terpenes. Terpenes are the compounds that give plants their distinctive odors.
Some studies suggest that terpenes may have health benefits. These benefits may include:
- Neuroprotective or brain-protective benefits
- Anti-inflammatory benefits
- Anti-tumor properties
Hemp contains more protein than seeds like chia and flaxseed. It also contains other substances that may have health effects. Some people claim it can help with certain illnesses, though this has not been proven through clinical research.
Possible Side Effects of Hemp Seed
Taking whole hemp seed by mouth can cause many side effects, including:
- Throat irritation
- Nausea and vomiting
- Bradycardia, or slow heart rate
- Hypertension, or high blood pressure
There is not enough clinical research data to prove that hemp is safe for use in people who are pregnant or breastfeeding. There is also not enough research to show it is safe to use topically on the skin.
Eating hemp seeds is not considered as unsafe as is eating hemp leaves or other parts of the plant. But because of the high fat content, the seeds can cause mild diarrhea.
Interaction with Medications
Do not ingest hemp when taking cardiac glycosides or diuretics.
Cardiac glycosides, such as Lanoxin (digoxin), help the heart beat strongly and can slow down the heart rate. They are used for treating heart failure (in which the heart can’t pump blood well enough to meet the body’s needs) and irregular heartbeats.
Hemp is also known to slow the heart rate. Taking hemp with cardiac glycosides could slow the heart rate too much. Ask your doctor before taking hemp with Lanoxin.
Diuretics are drugs that increase the amount of urine. They are used to reduce the amount of fluid in the body and lower blood pressure. Diuretics include:
- Diuril (chlorothiazide)
- Thalitone (chlorthalidone)
- Lasix (furosemide)
- Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide)
An increase in the amount of urine may lead to a loss of potassium. Hemp can also decrease potassium. Taking diuretics and hemp together may result in dangerously low potassium levels. This might cause problems with heart function.
Selection, Preparation, and Storage of Hemp Seed
Hemp seeds can be eaten raw, roasted, or cooked with other foods. In China, hemp seed oil has been used as food or made into medicine for thousands of years.
There are many ways to eat hemp protein, oil, and seeds, including:
- In a smoothie
- On oatmeal or cereal
- Sprinkled over salads
- As a nut butter
- As a form of milk called hemp milk
- On yogurt
- In meal bars or granola bars
- In salad dressing
- On casserole dishes
- Added to baked goods
- In recipes
- As a cooking oil
Hemp seeds need to be stored properly. The healthy fats in hemp seeds can degrade if they are exposed to air for long periods. Storing hemp seeds at high temperatures can have a similar effect. Hemp seeds stored this way could contain unhealthy trans fats, a type of fat especially linked to heart disease.
Store hemp seeds and hemp oil in an airtight container. Keep these products in a cool, dark place. It is best to refrigerate hemp products after opening.
Many hemp products come in different forms, including:
- Hemp oil
- Hemp milk
- Hemp protein powder
Many of these products can be purchased in health food stores or online.
Cooking hemp seeds or heating the oil to temperatures above 350 degrees F can destroy the healthy fatty acids. Hemp seeds and oil are best eaten raw. If cooking with hemp oil, use low heat.
The dosage of any herbal or natural supplement, including hemp, depends on several factors. Age and health condition are two important considerations. Never take more than the recommended dosage on the package insert.
Always ask your doctor before taking hemp or any other herb. The recommended dosage may not be right for you.
If you are going to eat hemp seeds, experts suggest starting slow. This is especially true if you have digestive problems. Start with 1 teaspoon and work up to more as tolerated.
Ask your doctor before taking hemp. Your safe dosage may be different than what is on the packaging.
Hemp seeds are grown in many different countries. Some people prefer hemp from Canada for its taste and the strict government restrictions aimed to improve quality. Look for products that have been tested in the lab for purity and potency. Consult the manufacturer if you have questions.
Regulations on hemp grown in U.S., Europe, and Canada are stricter than in other countries, such as China.
Are hemp seed hearts the same as hemp seed?
No. Hemp hearts have had the fibrous shell removed. This makes them lower in fiber and other nutrients than whole hemp seeds. Hemp hearts are not as nutritious as whole hemp seeds. However, hemp hearts are very high in healthy polyunsaturated fats.
Are hemp seeds legal to ingest in the U.S.?
Yes, hemp seeds are legal in the United States. Hemp seeds in the U.S. must contain a minimal amount of THC. THC is the psychoactive part of the cannabis plant.
According to the FDA, some hemp products are safe for food, including:
- Hemp seeds
- Hemp seed protein powder
- Hempseed oil
Can eating hemp cause a person to fail a drug test?
No. Eating moderate amounts of hempseed oil, protein powder made of hemp, or hemp seeds will not cause you to fail a drug test. Hemp contains only trace amounts of THC. Unless you are using other varieties of the Cannabis plant, such as marijuana, or you are eating large amounts of hemp, you are unlikely to fail a drug test.
Hemp hearts do not contain any THC. The shells of whole hemp seed do have trace amounts below 0.3% THC. If you are recovering from cannabis addiction or just want to avoid exposure to THC in any amount, avoid eating whole hemp seeds.
What does hemp taste like?
Hemp seeds have a mild, nutty flavor. They are similar to unsalted sunflower seeds, but the texture is not as hard.
Hemp seeds are a good source of protein and fiber. Hemp seeds may also have other health benefits, though there is not enough clinical research to say for sure. Because hemp may interact with some drugs and cause certain side effects, it is a good idea to consult your doctor before adding hemp seeds to your diet.
Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil: What’s The Difference?
The main difference between hemp oil vs CBD oil, is that hemp oil has little to no CBD content. Hemp Oil is made by cold-pressing the hemp seeds into an omega-rich culinary oil. CBD oil is made by extracting the compound CBD from the leaves, flowers and stalks of a hemp plant. However, both hemp oil and CBD oil, have their own health benefits.
Natural 2000mg CBD Oil
Natural 1000mg CBD Oil
250mg Natural CBD Oil
250mg Citrus CBD Oil
250mg Peppermint CBD Oil
Good Hemp has now launched a new range of Pure & lab tested CBD Oil on various flavours, such as citrus and peppermint!
If you’ve read anything about the wellness trends for 2020 and 2021 then chances are you’ve heard of hemp oil and CBD oil (and chances are you’re a bit confused).
We’re here to make understanding CBD oil vs hemp seed oil as easy as loving them is. In a sentence, hemp oil (also known as hemp seed oil) comes from the seeds of the Cannabis sativa plants and, while it does have health benefits, does not contain CBD. CBD oil, on the other hand, is a chemical compound extracted from the leaves, flowers and stalk of the same plant, and is used to treat everything from depression and anxiety to epilepsy and insomnia.
Here at Good Hemp we make a range of hemp products (from our hemp milk and hemp seeds to hemp protein powder and, of course, our original hemp oil ) from the hemp seed. But you’ve probably got more questions about all that: Are hemp oil and CBD oil the same thing or is there a difference between hemp oil and CBD oil? How exactly does CBD work? Does that mean hemp gets you high?
We thought we’d answer all of those questions in one place and delve deeper into hemp oil vs CBD oil.
What’s the difference between hemp and marijuana?
When considering the differences between hemp oil and CBD oil, it’s good to look at the broader picture. Both marijuana and hemp are varieties of the cannabis plant (hemp is Cannabis sativa , while marijuana is Cannabis indica ). The main difference between hemp and marijuana is that while marijuana contains up to 30% of the psychoactive compound called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), hemp contains virtually none (typically below 0.3%). So essentially, marijuana will get you high and hemp won’t.
Will CBD get you high?
No, CBD will not get you high because CBD is another one of the many compounds found in cannabis plants (so in both hemp and marijuana) which has no psychoactive properties.
Is CBD made from marijuana or hemp?
CBD can be extracted from both marijuana and hemp. However, as marijuana is illegal in most places, much of the CBD you’ll find on the market is made from hemp.
What are the benefits of CBD oil?
The benefits of CBD oil is that it is used to treat a number of different conditions including anxiety, depression, pain and PMS, and is said to have beneficial effects on concentration, energy levels and sleep. It’s also sometimes used topically as an anti-inflammatory (but you might want to check the price before you start pouring it on your bad back – some CBD oils can cost around £140 for a small vial).
Interested? Good! We’ve actually dedicated a whole blog post for the benefits of CBD oil – check it out to learn more!
How does CBD work?
Put simply, CBD restores homeostasis (the body’s natural balance). It works in the endocannabinoid system by activating two of its core receptors (known as CB1 and CB2), which regulate mood, temperature, cognitive function and muscle repair.
For more information, read our blog post on what CBD oil is .
What are the benefits of Good Hemp Oil?
Good Hemp’s hemp oil is super-rich in omegas (otherwise known as good fat) and has 25 times more omegas than olive oil. It has absolutely no trans fats (and 40% less saturated fats than olive oil).
What is omega good for?
Omega-3s are essential fatty acids that many experts believe aid good brain and heart health as well as boosting circulation and the immune system. Gamma linolenic acid (or GLA) is part of the omega-6 family and is known for its role in easing the symptoms of PMS and supporting the growth of healthy skin, hair and nails. Meanwhile omega-9 plays a role in promoting heart health by supporting balanced cholesterol levels and improving immune function.
How do I use CBD oil?
There are different ways on how to use CBD oil. Most people take a few drops of CBD oil under the tongue, but it can be added to your smoothie, coffee (apparently it takes away the jitters) or applied topically to pain points.
Can you take hemp oil and CBD oil together?
It’s perfectly safe to take hemp oil and CBD oil at together. Even combining different CBD products is considered a completely safe thing to do.
Is hemp oil better than CBD oil?
It depends on what you are using it for, as both have properties that serve different purposes. Hemp oil typically has more nutritional benefits, while CBD oil is best for treating the conditions we mentioned above (anxiety and depression). And, when it comes to hemp oil and CBD oil for pain relief, CBD oil wins (although hemp oil can help as well).
Is hemp oil good for pain?
Yes, hemp oil can be good for pain. Hemp seed oil is applied topically or ingested by many people as a form of natural pain relief. It has anti-inflammatory properties that can be useful for people suffering from a variety of painful infections, autoimmune disorders or injuries.
Can you rub hemp oil on skin for pain?
Hemp seed oil can be useful as a massage oil that can reduce pain when rubbed on sore joints.
Is hemp oil or CBD oil better for anxiety?
When it comes to hemp oil vs CBD oil for anxiety, both can help to reduce it, although it is typically agreed that CBD oil is better overall for treating anxiety. It positively interacts with the endocannabinoid system – aka what regulates our moods. Studies have found that it can help ease social anxiety and get rid of fear.
Here’s how @hijessiemay is using our pure CBD oil to help ease anxiety and sleep better at night.
What Does Hemp Seed Do for Your Body?
Hemp seeds are high in fiber and rich in nutrients, allowing for health benefits such as improving heart and brain health, reducing stress, and boosting immunity.
Hemp seeds are nuts of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa commonly known as marijuana. They are small yellowish seeds that are rich in many nutrients.
Technically, hemp seeds have almost no amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the main component of marijuana that produces mind-altering effects, thus making the seeds safe for consumption and nutrient-rich food sources. Additionally, hemp seeds are called superfoods because of their health benefits.
8 health benefits of hemp seeds
The health benefits of hemp seeds include:
- Improved heart health: A high amount of linoleic acide, omega-3 fatty acids, and unsaturated fatty acids keep bad cholesterol in check and promote the formation of good cholesterol, lowering the risk of atherosclerosis and keeping the heart and cardiovascular system healthy. The hemp seed oil has also been shown to lower blood pressure levels.
- Improved brain health: Hemp seeds have a lot of omega-3 fatty acids and tannins that help in nerve development and healthy brain functioning.
- Treatment of skin conditions: Hemp seeds help reduce inflammation by producing a good amount of antioxidants, thus helping manage acne and atopic dermatitis.
- Management of inflammatory diseases: Consumption of hemp seeds reduces the severity of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis because of their anti-inflammatory effects.
- Help in digestion: Hemp seeds aid in digestion because of the high level of fiber present in them, which helps clean the gut.
- Improved immunity: Hemp seeds have a sufficient amount of amino acids and healthy fats that help maintain a good defense system. Their mineral and vitamin content also plays an integral role in improving immunity as well.
- Reduce stress and anxiety: Hemp seeds have high quantities of magnesium, amino acids, and B vitamins, making them a natural stress reliever.
- Counteract hormonal imbalances: The right type and amount of fats in hemp seeds help in adequate generation and maintenance of the hormones inside the body.
Why are hemp seeds called superfoods?
Hemp seeds are called superfoods because of their extremely rich nutritional value. They have all the nine essential amino acids that our body can’t produce (such a food source with all nine amino acids is very rare). They also have a high amount of unsaturated fats and omega-3 acids, such as alpha-linolenic acid, which are extremely important for heart and brain health.
Hemp seeds also contain the following essential vitamins and minerals:
Moreover, they contain a high amount of fiber that helps reduce appetite, aids in weight management, stabilizes blood sugar levels, and promotes good gut health. The seeds are also low in carbohydrates, making them ideal for low-carb diets.
What are the risks of consuming hemp seeds?
Risk factors are not related to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) or the addictive effects of the seeds. The main concern is to eat the seeds in moderation because they are highly packed with nutrients, such as fats, that can increase weight in the long run. Moreover, the consumption of hemp seeds should be avoided with medicines such as anticoagulants because the seeds can hamper their effects on the body.
They should be avoided during pregnancy and breastfeeding due to limited research and data available currently. People with a known risk of food allergies should be cautious before eating hemp seeds.
How are hemp seeds consumed?
Hemp seeds can be consumed in the following ways:
- Seeds can be added as an ingredient in:
- cereal or yogurt
- cooked vegetables
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