5 Best Marijuana Seeds for Beginners
As cannabis becomes legal in an increasing number of states, interest in cultivating it has also grown. As cannabis consumers know, regular trips to the dispensary can start to become very expensive.
If you have a green thumb, you’ve probably considered growing your own marijuana seeds at home.
However, not everyone has the skills or knows how to grow cannabis. Never fear, we at WayofLeaf are here to help. We’ve picked out the 5 best marijuana seeds for beginners, and included some useful grow info for each strain.
If you have been searching for cannabis that is simple to grow, keep reading to discover the 5 best marijuana seeds for beginners…
What Makes a Marijuana Strain “Easy to Grow”?:
Did you know that some marijuana strains are more straightforward to grow than others? There are a few factors in particular that make some cannabis strains simpler to cultivate than others.
Resistance to Disease, Pests, Powdery Mildew, Mold, etc.
Resistance to disease and mold is an essential factor to consider when choosing a strain. Like all other plants, cannabis can also be affected by external factors. These can impact crops grown both indoors and outdoors.
The most common diseases and pests to affect marijuana are typically mold, powdery mildew, and spider mites. Some strains have a high resistance to disease and mold. This natural resistance can significantly increase the chances that a grower will end up with a healthy, high-yielding crop.
Feminized Seeds, with Fewer Gender Differences
As a beginner, you may be wondering whether you should buy regular or feminized seeds. By purchasing and then sewing feminized seeds, there is very little chance that you will end up with male plants. This will save you time as you won’t have to identify and remove male plants from the grow site.
Certain strain types produce higher average yields, while others will only ever produce low or moderate returns. It’s important to note that not all high-yielding strains are the best quality. However, there are certainly some classic strains that also just happen to be high-yielding.
Specialized Qualities: Autoflowering, Quick Flowering Period, etc.
Some strains are bred to be autoflowering types. This means that the flowering period is likely much shorter, often around eight weeks or less. That said, some strains are just naturally quick to flower, even though they are not autoflowering strains.
Autoflowering strains also have the advantage of not relying on changes in their light-dark cycle to flower. This makes the growing process a little easier for the beginner.
The 5 Best Marijuana Seeds for Beginners:
Based on the criteria explained above, here are the 5 best marijuana seeds for beginners to try to grow.
1. Cinex (Sativa-dominant hybrid)
The Cinex strain is a sativa-dominant (60:40) hybrid, which is a cross of Cinderella 99 and Vortex. It is known for its intensely potent THC levels, which typically range between 22-26%.
What makes it one of the best marijuana seeds for beginners? Well, not only is it an easy strain to grow, but Cinex is also relatively high yielding. Average outdoor yields are around 16 ounces per plant, and indoor returns are typically 19 ounces per square meter.
Beginners will be glad to hear that this marijuana strain is highly resistant to mold and powdery mildew. Cannaman Farm recommends growing Cinex plants in soil that is rich in organic elements, such as bat guano, feather meal, humic acid, and mycorrhizae.
Cinex plants can handle slightly colder than average temperatures but do best in the 65-80 degrees Fahrenheit range. You should feed your Cinex plants moderate levels of nitrogen at the beginning of the vegetative stage. Then gradually increase the amount as the plants progress through the vegetative stage so that they grow healthy and strong.
Cinex’s indoor flowering period is between 7-9 weeks, so growers will get to enjoy the fruits of their labor sooner. This strain will be ready for harvesting around early October when grown outdoors.
- Easy to grow
- Relatively high yielding
- Naturally resistant to mold and powdery mildew
- High THC content and sturdy genetics
- 7-9 weeks flowering period
- Feminized seeds are available
2. Northern Lights (Indica):
Northern Lights is a classic indica strain that is hugely popular in the marijuana world. Obtaining feminized seeds is no challenge either. This is particularly the case along the West Coast and in Colorado, as this strain is widely available.
In terms of its lineage, Northern Lights derives from two landrace types, namely Thai sativa and Afghani indica. It is highly resistant to many diseases, which makes it one of the best marijuana seeds for beginners.
When grown outdoors, Northern Lights does best in a sunny and dry Mediterranean-type climate. It thrives when grown in its optimal temperature range, which is between 70-85 degrees Fahrenheit.
Another plus for this strain is that it can be grown either hydroponically or in soil. However, experienced Northern Lights growers recommend using the Sea of Green method for best results. Try to maintain a steady airflow within the grow room to prevent a humidity buildup in the dense canopy.
As for feeding, Northern Lights plants respond well to high levels of nitrogen. These plants are particularly heavy feeders and continue to be so through the flowering stage.
One of the best aspects of growing Northern Lights is its short 6-7 week flowering period. Also, for an indica, Northern Lights is super high-yielding. This strain produces 18 ounces per square meter on average when grown indoors, and 22 ounces per plant outdoors.
- Feminized seeds are readily available
- High resistance to disease
- Fast flowering period of around 6-7 weeks
- High yielding at 18 oz. per meter squared indoors, 22 oz. per plant outdoors
3. Blue Dream (Hybrid):
Blue Dream is an evenly balanced (50:50) hybrid, which is a cross of Blueberry and Haze. It’s one of the most popular strains in the world due to its sweet berry fragrance and potent effects.
While Blue Dream is one of the best marijuana seeds for beginners, it is the most challenging to grow. Most Blue Dream growers rate its growth difficulty as easy to moderately difficult. Therefore, it’s advisable to attempt the other strains on this list first before moving on to Blue Dream.
One reason why Blue Dream is more challenging is that it’s a relatively high maintenance plant to grow. It’s essential to control this plant’s shape and size by topping and training it. You will also have to carry out regular pruning to maintain the desired shape. Blue Dream plants may need support structures such as trellises to help sustain the weight of its heavy, indica-like buds.
The good news for beginners is that this plant is hardy and allows for some rookie mistakes. For example, Blue Dream is a heavy feeder and is capable of absorbing high levels of nitrogen without burning.
It’s also possible to grow Blue Dream indoors or outdoors. When grown outdoors, it does best in a warm and sunny climate akin to California. The optimal temperature range for Blue Dream is between 65-85 degrees Fahrenheit. However, it can handle cooler climates and colder nighttime temperatures very well, too. Blue Dream has a slightly longer flowering period at 9-10 weeks
- Extremely potent, with 18-24% THC on average.
- High yielding, at 21 ounces per plant outdoors, and 21 ounces per meter squared indoors.
- While resistant to some diseases, it is susceptible to red spider mites
- Grow difficulty is higher and requires some skill and experience
4. Easy Bud (Hybrid):
Just as the name implies, the Easy Bud hybrid strain is probably the simplest one to grow on our list. It was specifically bred with novices in mind so that they too could enjoy the benefits of home-grown weed. What primarily makes Easy Bud so convenient is the fact that it is an auto-flowering strain. This means that the grower does not need as much knowledge about light-cycle shifts to achieve successful yields.
Bred by Royal Queen Seeds, Easy Bud is a ruderalis type hybrid. This is part of what gives it its auto-flowering properties as well as its short stature at just 50-60 centimeters.
While you can grow Easy Bud indoors and outdoors, it does best outside in a hot, semi-humid climate. After around 3-4 weeks, Easy Bud will automatically begin to flower. Amazingly the timeframe for this strain from seed to harvest is just 8-9 weeks.
Another reason why Easy Bud is one of the best marijuana seeds for beginners is due to its resilience. Experienced Easy Bud growers say that it can withstand the elements and is forgiving of rookie mistakes.
One downside is that its yields are particularly modest. Indoor Easy Bud growers are looking at up to 11 ounces per square meter. However, outdoor growers will have to make do with just 2-6 ounces per plant.
- Resilient plant and easy strain for beginners to grow
- Auto-flowering cannabis type, requiring less technical knowledge of light cycle changes during the flowering stage
- Short plant height, reaching just 50-60 centimeters, so ideal for indoor growers
- Will be ready for harvesting in only 8-9 weeks.
5. Papaya (Indica-dominant hybrid)
Papaya is a heavily indica-dominant (80:20) hybrid by Nirvana Seeds. Why does it make the list of 5 best marijuana seeds for beginners? Well, there are a few reasons. Firstly, its growth difficulty is rated as easy, which makes it suitable for novice cultivators. Secondly, it is naturally resistant to powdery mildew and mold. Thirdly, it produces incredibly high yields, which makes it a very rewarding strain to grow.
Experienced Papaya growers recommend growing this strain outdoors for the highest returns. It thrives in a Mediterranean-type climate. Papaya produces phenomenal outdoor yields, which can be as high as a bountiful 28 ounces per plant.
If you are growing these marijuana seeds indoors, then utilize the Sea of Green method for best results. Some say that growing this strain in soil produces the most potent terpene profile. Others say that a hydroponic setup produces the best indoor yields. While indoor returns aren’t as high as outdoor yields, Papaya typically produces a rewarding 15 ounces per meter squared.
- Flowering period is around 8-9 weeks
- Only reaches 3 feet tall when fully grown
- Naturally resistant to powdery mildew and mold
- Very high outdoor yields
Final Thoughts on the 5 Best Marijuana Seeds for Beginners
There are many reasons why these strains have made the grade for being the five best marijuana seeds for beginners. Not only are they easy to cultivate, but they can also produce some exceptionally high yields. They are also pretty forgiving of common mistakes that novices make when starting out on their cannabis cultivating journey.
The Easy Bud strain is probably the best place to start as it is an auto-flowering strain. You may want to get some experience under your belt before trying your hand at the Blue Dream strain.
For more information, check out the strain reviews and growing sections of our website for practical tips and grow guides.
How to Grow Marijuana from Seed
If you’re in a location where cannabis (another term for marijuana; short for the plant cannabis sativa) is illegal, growing it is probably illegal too. Bringing in seeds or cuttings to your location can very well be a felony, and reputable sellers won’t ship to you.
You can probably purchase and grow hemp seeds and plants, which have a negligible amount of THC, but these plants won’t produce the psychoactive effects of plants that contain higher levels of THC. Check with your seller to be certain you’re getting what you think you’re purchasing. If you buy seeds for CBD-only hemp plants by mistake, you can end up being very disappointed post-harvest.
How to acquire seeds or cuttings
You can usually find cannabis seeds for sale at most dispensaries in areas where growing cannabis for personal use is legal. You may also find growers who sell cuttings/clones. You can expect to pay $50 to $100 for a pack of ten seeds. When shopping for seeds or cuttings, read the labels and any other information the manufacturer provides on its website or in its catalog to make sure you’re getting the right seeds or cuttings (the strain) for the plants you want to grow.
One way to get your mitts on some seeds is to collect seeds when you find them in flowers you purchased, or get some from friends if they’re collecting.
- Feminized seeds: Nearly all seeds sold by reputable companies are feminized, but make sure they are. These seeds are specially treated to grow into female plants.
- Auto-flowering or photoperiod: Auto-flowering plants are easier, because they enter the flower stage after a certain number of weeks regardless of the light/dark cycle. If you’re a beginner, seriously consider going with auto-flowering plants.
- Genetic background: If seeds are from a well-established strain, such as O.G. Kush, Bubble Gum, or a cross-breed, the genetic background should be stated.
- Blend: The blend represents the percentage of the three species — sativa, indica, and ruderalis. All auto-flower strains contain some percentage of ruderalis, which is responsible for the auto-flowering nature of the plant.
- Yield indoors: The number of grams of bud per square meter of plant when grown indoors.
- Yield outdoors: The number of grams of bud per plant (after drying) when grown outdoors.
- Plant height indoors: Shorter than when grown outdoors.
- Plant height outdoors: Taller than when grown indoors.
- Time to harvest: Approximate number of weeks after germination the flower should be ready to harvest.
- Potency: Percentages of CBD and THC.
- Effect: The type of experience you can expect when consuming product from the plant.
Know the laws about buying cannabis
- In some European countries, laws prohibit growing cannabis, but seed is legal, which is quite confusing. You’re allowed to buy and eat cannabis seeds because they’re non-psychotropic, but you can’t buy them to grow cannabis. Other countries in Europe, such as Germany, have their own seed laws.
- In Canada, where cannabis is federally legal, seeds can be shipped across provincial lines.
- In the U.S., in some states in which cannabis is legal, you can purchase seeds from some dispensaries or other locations to grow plants as long as you keep them in the state. Other states may bar selling to non-licensed growers. Shipping or transporting seeds across state or international borders is illegal, although a few reputable online seed stores ship to individuals with success.
Cuttings are typically treated in a similar manner as seeds in legalized locations. They may be available from some dispensaries or outlets for pick up or delivery with a fee. They’re prohibited from crossing U.S. state lines or international borders. You can buy individual plants and mix and match strains. Prices vary and are often determined by plant size.
Buy cuttings (clones) only from a reputable source who understands proper back-crossing of strains for stability. Back-crossing involves pollinating a plant with one of its parent plants to promote sexual stability, so that when you have a female it won’t hermaphrodite into a male during flowering.
Both seeds and clones are often able to be purchased from commercial locations already in your state.
In the U.S., transporting any part of the cannabis plant over state lines is illegal. This applies to seeds and clones and, technically, even to tissue samples.
How to germinate cannabis seeds
Germinating seeds requires a dark environment that is around 70 degrees. There are many ways to germinate seeds (in soil, in a wet paper towel, in starter plugs) You can also sow them directly into soil in a garden or container, as long as the soil is light and fluffy, so the roots can easily grow down and the stalk can break through the soil. Plant the seeds about 1/4- to 1/2-inch deep and cover them loosely with soil.
Most importantly, seeds need a moist environment; they won’t germinate if they get too dry. You can use a heat mat to increase the success of germination in colder climates.
How to transplant marijuana plants
When transplanting any plant, whether it started from seed or a clone, handle it gently, being very careful not to damage the roots. Center the plant in the pot, and plant it deep enough to cover the root ball completely in soil. If the plant is root bound, you can gently tease the roots apart to encourage outward growth.
Pack your soil or other grow medium down around the roots well enough to support the plant while new roots grow, but not so tight that the soil restricts outward root growth. Water the soil around the roots.
About This Article
This article is from the book:
About the book authors:
Kim Ronkin Casey has been a communications professional for more than 20 years and recently took a year-long leap into the world of cannabis as the communications manager for one of the leading dispensaries in North America. She now consults for companies in the industry on internal and external communications. Joe Kraynak is a professional writer who has contributed to numerous For Dummies books.