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Do male cannabis plants produce female seeds

5 Things You Can Do with Your Male Cannabis Plants

In the wide world of weed, the female of the species is more useful than the male. The marijuana plant is like many other plant species in the world. It needs both a male and female plant to reproduce (it is a dioecious species). Admittedly, there are self-pollinating cannabis plants (i.e., monoecious plants). In general, however, most marijuana plants express female or male-specific sex organs.

It is the female plant that produces the buds we dry, cure, and use. As a consequence, the average weed garden is populated by female plants only. It is considered marijuana growing 101 to discard and destroy male plants as soon as you uncover their growth. If you don’t, they will pollinate the females. Their seeds end up in the bud and reduce the amount of THC found in the plant after harvest.

If you usually expel male plants from your cannabis garden, you are missing out! Contrary to what you believe, they do have a beneficial purpose to gardeners. They have several, and we outline five of them below.

1 – Breeding Cannabis

As a beginner, you have the option of cloning the mother plant and creating a ceaseless line of consistent buds from identical female plants. However, as you become more skilled, you will begin to find flaws with your bud. For example, you may want it to be more resinous and potent. Alternatively, you might love it if the flowering stage ended a bit sooner.

Fortunately, male cannabis plants are around to come to your rescue! As you know, their primary function is to breed seeds. When a male plant pollinates a female, it provides 50% of a seed’s genetic makeup. With this in mind, do some digging into the genetics of the males in your garden. Do they grow quickly? Are they highly resistant to mold and pests? If so, these positive traits can be passed on to boost the quality of new generations.

Since you can’t smoke a male plant to find out how good it is, you must go through a different process to find suitable genetics.

Here’s a 5-step guide to eliminating unwanted males and finding ideal plants for breeding:

  1. Get rid of early flowering or auto-flowering males as they are more likely to produce monoecious individuals.
  2. Remove any males that grow extremely quickly or are very tall. In general, these particular plants are best for producing fibers rather than flowers.
  3. Keep plants with large and hollow stems and get rid of any stems with too much pith (spongy white tissue). There is a link between stem type and THC content.
  4. Pick males with tight, dense flowers and get rid of any with a loose and airy structure.
  5. Focus on males with the best odor.

2 – Use Male Cannabis Plants to Create Hemp Fiber

When it comes to creating hemp fiber, there is no better option than male plants. This is mainly because of their firm and fibrous stalks. Males provide soft and fine fibers capable of weaving the most delicate fabrics. Weaving might not be top of your list of hobbies! However, it is still cool to note that male plant fiber is the best option when making hemp products. Examples include tablecloths and clothing.

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3 – Concentrate Production

Don’t assume that male plants are entirely devoid of THC. Males are indeed far less potent than females. However, they still have THC, and thus, can have psychoactive properties. Male plants don’t produce buds, the same flower buds, anyway. But you can find cannabinoids in their flowers, leaves, and stems. You can also benefit from a gentle buzz by drying and pressing the pollen you find in a male plant.

Incidentally, male plants have a higher THC concentration in their leaves than females during the vegetative growth phase. By the adult stages, females have taken over and produce a far higher THC ratio. The main issue with males is their limited lifespan. Also, there are no techniques available to delay pollination and boost resin production. Perhaps that will change one day. For now, extract the existing resin and create hash oil, BHO wax, dabs, or other concentrates.

All you need to know…

4 – Male Weed Plants Can Enhance Your Garden!

Did you know that farmers have used marijuana plants as ‘companions’ for garden vegetables for centuries? Male plants, like females, produce terpenes, the aromatic oils found in weed that account for the delightful scent and taste.

Terpenes, especially pinene and limonene, are also excellent for pest and disease control. With this in mind, you can introduce male plants in vegetable or flower gardens. Make sure they remain far away from female cannabis plants!

You can use dried material from male plants to create a terpene-laden oil. Use this oil to keep insects and other pests at bay.

In the old days, farmers would allow up to two vigorous male marijuana plants to grow. They knew to keep them well away from the females, and placed them at the far end of the garden. They also made sure that the plants were sheltered from the wind.

Next, they planted corn, sunflowers, or beans between the two plant genders and enjoyed healthy crops with a few seeds in them. There were just enough seeds to grow the following year’s crop without reducing that year’s THC content.

Also, cannabis plants have long taproots that can dive deep into the ground and break apart low standard soil. As a result, nutrients and moisture can infiltrate and improve quality. As a bonus, taproots keep the soil in place and ensure there are no issues with soil loss and nutrient run-off during spells of heavy rain.

5 – Delicious, Healthy, Nutritious THCA Juice

Have you ever tried raw cannabis juice? It appears as if the cannabolic acids (specifically THCA and CBDA) in weed juice have many benefits. Indeed, they provide many of the same benefits as marijuana consumed in other ways. Male plants have the same concentration of these potentially healthy juices as their female counterparts. Therefore, you can drink the juice, enjoy a dose of healthy cannabinoids, and not worry so much about getting high.

Final Thoughts on Male Cannabis Plants

Most marijuana growers throw away their male plants as a matter of course. We think you shouldn’t be so hasty. Females produce the buds that allow us to either get high or benefit from the apparent medical properties of weed. However, male plants are far from being useless.

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As well as providing you with a healthy juice, males make for ideal garden companions. They are great for making clothes from hemp fiber, are necessary for breeding, and you can use them in concentrates.

Do you intend to benefit from one or more of the uses outlined above? If so, remember that cannabis pollen is capable of traveling a long way to fertilize a female. Make sure you keep your crop protected!

Female vs. Male Cannabis Plants: How They’re Similar (and Different)

The main difference between male and female cannabis plants is that male cannabis plants do not yield buds, whereas female cannabis plants do. This means that female plants produce usable cannabis (buds) and male plants do not. There are many other obvious as well as subtler differences between male and female cannabis plants that can affect a cultivator’s crop.

Learn how male and female cannabis plants differ, how to tell them apart and whether or not you should grow them together.

What Are Female Cannabis Plants?

Female cannabis plants are the most sought after plants for most cannabis cultivators. They contain the prized bud that comprises all cannabis products, whether smokable, topical or otherwise. Female cannabis plants also contain the lion’s share of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis. Male plants, in contrast, contain only trace amounts of THC.

The output of female cannabis plants is far more potent than that of male plants. While male plants can be used on occasion to make concentrate products like hash, female plants are widely preferred for this purpose. The coarse, tough hemp material derived from female cannabis plants is also useful for making rope and other products that require a strong fiber.

What Are Male Cannabis Plants?

Male cannabis plants grow pollen sacs rather than buds. They pollinate female plants with their pollen sacs. Cannabis grown from male plants is not usable, as it contains no “bud.” Male cannabis plants are essential in breeding programs and provide 50% of the genetic material that the seeds inherit. This is why, for breeders, strong fathers are as sought after as strong mothers. Male cannabis plants also tend to contain more phytocannabinoids on their leaves. Male cannabis plants with particularly high cannabinoid concentrations in their leaves combined with strong roots can become key parts of a breeding program.

In addition, male cannabis plants are useful for making hemp fiber, especially for clothing. The hemp material of male plants is softer than that of female plants, making it desirable for shirts, tablecloths or bed sheets. Finally, male cannabis plants are also effective at keeping harmful pests away.

How to Tell Male and Female Cannabis Plants Apart

Determining the sex of a marijuana plant is a visual process that you can begin early in the plant’s growth cycle. During the first four weeks of growth, you may be able to observe pollen sacs on the male and stigma or “pre-flowers” on the female. By the sixth week of growth, you will be able to clearly distinguish between male and female cannabis plants. The pollen sacs and pre-flowers will be in full view by this point, allowing you to pinpoint male or female.

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In rare instances, you may observe a cannabis plant with both male and female reproductive organs. These hermaphroditic plants often develop due to environmental stressors including inhospitable weather and nutritional deficiencies. Hermaphrodites are distinguishable by sets of pollen sacs and pre-flowers. A healthy marijuana plant grown in optimal conditions will not turn hermaphroditic.

There are other clear physical characteristics that will help you tell male and female cannabis plants apart at any stage.

Characteristics of Male Plants

Look for these physical traits in a male cannabis plant:

  • Thick, sturdy stalks
  • Sparse leaves
  • Taller than female plants
  • Pollen sacs that form green and white flowers

Characteristics of Female Plants

Look for these physical traits in a female cannabis plant:

  • Slender stalks
  • Abundant leaves
  • Fine translucent hairs in white or orange
  • V-shaped pistils with protective layer (calyx)
  • Shorter than male plants
  • Resinous buds

Growing Male and Female Plants

The first principle of growing male and female cannabis plants is to keep them apart. Male cannabis plants can overtake a garden and drain female plants of vital energy. Specifically, male plants may over-pollinate the females, which will stop or slow bud development and severely reduce your yield.

Generally, male cannabis plants are less desirable than female ones. So, you will want to keep emale cannabis plants in your growing medium. If you are starting a breeding program, you will definitely need both male and female cannabis plants. But even in a breeding program, you need to keep your male and female plants apart.

Download Our 7 Page Guide to Growing Cannabis

Frequently Asked Questions

Do male or female weed plants grow faster?

Male weed plants tend to grow at a much faster rate than female weed plants. Fourteen days into the growth cycle, male plants will already be taller than female plants. In addition, male cannabis plants will start the flowering stage approximately 30 days before their female counterparts.

What’s the difference between male and female weed seeds?

Weed seeds that grow into female plants produce more THC compared to their male counterparts. Furthermore, female cannabis plants produce flowers while male cannabis plants produce tiny buds that resemble balls. V-shaped pistils will also appear on female cannabis seeds at the beginning of the flowering stage, but there are no such structures on male seeds. Finally, there are fine white and orange hairs present on female weed seeds but not on male ones.

Can male and female weed plants grow together?

While the plants technically can grow alongside one another, in general, you should not grow male and female weed plants together. Separate your male and female cannabis plants if you want to harvest buds from the females. This does not mean that male plants are useless; indeed, male cannabis plants can be an important part of a cultivator’s crop but should be mostly kept separate from females to allow the females room and energy to grow.

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